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These are the 8 most beautiful cities in Switzerland

In many Swiss cities, sights from ancient times, contemporary and modern facilities and beautiful relaxation rooms await visitors. More and more tourists and vacationers from all over the world visit the beautiful cities in Switzerland. The beauty of Switzerland is not only evident in the landscape with its breathtaking mountains and its many beautiful lakes, but also in the urban centers. Zurich and Basel are certainly the best known, but many other cities in Switzerland also have beautiful things to offer.

1. Zurich

As the largest city in Switzerland Zurich very often on the visitor list. It has around 410,000 inhabitants and is located on Lake Zurich. It was established as a free imperial city as early as 1262 and has been a member of the Confederation, a kind of association of cantons and towns, since 1351. Zurich is the seat of the largest airport in Switzerland, so getting there is child's play. In Zurich there is above all the Old town the focus of the visitors.

It is located to the right and left of the Limmat and offers many beautiful streets and squares with a good infrastructure. There are medieval houses as well as sacred buildings. Especially the Fraumünster Church is known because its windows were created by Marc Chagall. Local recreation takes place in Zoo in Zurich instead of or in one of the beautiful parks in town.

2. Basel

After Zurich and Geneva, Basel is the third largest city in Switzerland, with a population of around 171,500. It is located in the Upper Rhine Plain and is also the capital of the canton of Basel-Stadt, which is supplemented by the municipalities of Riehen and Bettingen. Traces of settlement in Basel actually go back to the Ice Age, as the region around Basel remained unglaciated. The Romans also lived here, of which there are significantly more signs.

Basel is also associated with Swiss watches. One of the most important watch and jewelry fairs takes place here every year. The zoo is no less important that Munster of Basel, the old town and numerous museums also know how to attract visitors.

3. Geneva

The city of Geneva is located on the edge of French Switzerland near the Rhone Lake Geneva. It has around 220,500 inhabitants and is the second largest city in Switzerland after Zurich. Geneva was already known in the time of the Celts and was then a fortified border town against the Helvetii. Other rulers took possession of the city over the course of the next centuries, which means that there is a colorful variety of sights.

Geneva is the seat of numerous colleges and universities. There are museums on different topics and visitors will also find historical and modern buildings. Churches that Botanic Garden, an English landscape garden that League of Nations Palace, the town hall or the international Reformation monument are just a few examples.

4. Lucerne

The city of Lucerne is considered to be the social and cultural center of Switzerland. It is the seat of the university as well as the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts and is particularly popular for cultural or social events. The city lies on Lake Lucerne with a view of the Alps. Lucerne was first mentioned in the 9th century, the city was founded by the Eschenbach brothers at the end of the 12th century.

The cultural events already mentioned include the Lucerne Carnival, the Lucerne Festival, the Lucerne Blues Festival or the city run or the Lucerne marathon. Visitors will find typical culinary specialties, such as the Birnenweggen and a large number of sights from historical and modern times. These include in particular the train station, the central and university library as well as the culture and congress center.

5. Bern

Berchthold V. von Zähringen founded the city in 1191. He chose the name Bern after a legend because shortly before he had luck hunting and was able to kill a bear. Urban planning is done with the security of citizens in mind. The natural headland, which was created by a bend in the Aare, proved to be an advantage. The city of Bern was protected by the river on three sides. Defense tower and wall on the fourth side ensure that today's Old town was cordoned off.

Today, Bern stretches for kilometers around this headland, occupies an area of ​​51 square kilometers and has 128,000 inhabitants. Due to a fire in 1405, nothing of the old town in its original form has been preserved. It was rebuilt in the Renaissance style after the fire and has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List as an outstanding example of medieval town planning since 1983.

6. Lausanne

Lausanne is a city in Switzerland with more than 144,000 inhabitants and is located in French-speaking Switzerland. Lausanne is not only part of the metropolitan region, but also an important economic, cultural and educational center. As the capital of the canton of Vaud, it is also the capital of the Lausanne district. The first settlement took place as early as the 4th millennium BC. Instead of. In the Middle Ages the place belonged to the Kingdom of Hochburgund until 1032 and a little later became the center of the secular rule of the bishops. Lausanne experienced its heyday in the 12th and 13th centuries.

There are many theaters and libraries in Lausanne. Museums are also set up on many topics, some of which are very important. A special attraction is the Notre Dame Cathedral, the Chateau Saint-Maire and other baroque buildings. The Rolex Learning Center is an example of contemporary architecture.

7. Aarburg

The beautiful small town of Aarburg is located in the Swiss canton of Aargau in the Zofingen district. Aarburg is located on the Aare and has a population of almost 10,000. Due to its location on the northern edge of the Wiggertal, the landscape is dominated by a narrow but steep rock spur. It extends to the banks of the Aare and seals off the valley. The medieval old town is at the narrowest point.

In Roman times, a road led to Central Switzerland via Aarburg. The construction date of the Aarburg fortress is not exactly known, but it was first mentioned in a document in 1123. Today it is a cantonal youth home. The reformed church, which was built from 1842 to 1845 in neo-Gothic style, stands between the fortress and the old town.

8. St. Gallen

St. Gallen is the capital of the Swiss canton of St. Gallen, which is located in the eastern part of Switzerland. St. Gallen has around 80,000 inhabitants and is considered one of the higher-lying cities in Switzerland because it is around 700 m above sea level. M. lies. The origins of the city go back to the 7th century, it emerged as a settlement in the area of ​​the monastery of St. Gallen and grew into a city over the next few years. St. Gallen is located on the main Munich-St. Margrethen-Rosbach-St. Gallen-Winterthur-Zurich as well as on the route to Appenzellerland.

This fact is mainly used by winter sports enthusiasts who want to vacation in the region. They are a tourist highlight Collegiate Church and the Abbey Library, both are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. St. Gallen is also known for embroidery Textile museum exhibited or their historical development. A number of historical churches, museums, theaters and buildings, which are interesting with different topics, are also often visited as sights.