How to perform a salat ad-duha prayer
Praise be due to Allaah the Lord of Creatures, and may Allaah honor our Prophet Muhammad and give him and his family and all his companions well-being!
Allah Almighty and Majestic says: "At the dawn!" He swears by the dawn (Ad-Duhâ), and when Allaah the Most Exalted swears by something, it is something very important.
So what does the word Ad-Duhâ mean? Some exegetes of the Quran say that it means "day," that is, Allah Almighty and Majestic swears by day, for after that He mentions night.
Qatâda and others say: This means the time from shortly after sunrise, when the shadow of a spear reaches its length, to shortly before noon; so this is duha time.
If one follows this or that opinion, the Duhâ time undoubtedly belongs to the day. The fact that Allah Almighty and Majestic swears at the time of Duha speaks for the excellence of this time, and that is why the Prophet (may Allah honor him and bestow him well) sometimes perform the Duha prayer. Muslim narrates a hadeeth from Aisha : “The Messenger of Allaah used to pray four parts of the prayer in Duha time and more, as Allaah wants.” This is proof that Duha prayer is desired. The correct opinion in this regard is that the Duha prayer is generally a Sunnah prayer. Why? Because the Prophet (may Allah honor him and give him well-being) said in a hadîth of Abû Dharr narrated by Muslims: "For every joint of you there is a daily alms to be given." Man has a total of 360 joints, and he has to thank Allah Almighty and for these joints daily through alms, an alms for each joint. Hence the Prophet said (may Allah honor him and give him well-being): "Every praise of Allaah is an almsgiving, and every utterance of the words" Allaah is greater "is an almsgiving [...] and instead it is sufficient to pray two parts of prayer at Duha time." So if you pray two sections of prayer at Duha time, you will save the alms that you have to give every day for each of your joints.
The Duha prayer consists of at least two sections, and that is not difficult, but you can also say four sections, as the Prophet (may Allah honor and prosper him) sometimes did, or eight sections because According to some scholars, the Prophet prayed eight sections of prayer that morning in the house of Umm Hâni after the capture of Mecca. You can even pray twelve sections of prayer. So there is no upper limit to the number of prayer sections for Duha prayer. So if you pray more than twelve sections of the prayer, that's good too. But why do we say twelve sections of prayer? Because the Prophet (may Allah honor him and give him well-being) said in a hadeeth narrated by At-Tirmidhî: "Whoever performs the Duhâ prayer with twelve prayer sections, Allah builds a castle in paradise for him." Ibn Hajar () mentions in his work Fath Al-Bârî: "There are indications that strengthen this hadeeth."
When does the time for Duha prayer begin?
It begins after sunrise, after the sun has risen above the horizon and the shadow of a spear reaches its length, and lasts until just before noon. This means that the time for the Duhâ prayer begins twenty minutes after sunrise, because in the time before that, praying voluntary prayers is forbidden, and then lasts until a quarter of an hour before the call for the noon prayer, since the time shortly before the noon prayer also has one It is the time when ritual prayers are forbidden. The best time for this is, as the Prophet (may Allah honor him and give him well-being) said in a hadeeth narrated by Muslims, "When (the heat of the sun is so strong that) the young camels feel it." That means when the heat is so strong and the young camels' hooves are burning, namely at the end of the time for the Duhâ prayer, i.e. about half an hour before the call to prayer for noon.
The Prophet (may Allah honor him and give him well-being) said: "The prayer of the repentant repentant (Salâ Al-Awwâbîn)." Who are these repentant repentors? These are the ones who keep returning to the obedience of Allah. “The prayer of the repentant is when the young camels feel it.” Why are they called the repentant? Because people at this time are usually preoccupied with worldly affairs, whereas the one who is intent on performing this prayer provides evidence that he is one of the repentant.
One could object that the Prophet (may Allah honor him and give him well-being) after a hadith of Aishah, which is transmitted by Muslims "The Duha prayer only prayed when he came back from a trip." That shows that he did not use this prayer regularly. So what's the answer to that?
We answer: ischa said in a hadîth narrated by Muslims: “If the Messenger of Allaah (may Allaah honor him and give him well-being) fails to do an action, although he likes to do it, it is so that his Ummah does not keep doing it, which would then be made her duty. I have never seen him perform Duha prayer. But I do it. ”That is why she cared Praying eight sections of prayer saying, “Even if my parents were to be resurrected, I would not fail to do this prayer.” This means that if my parents rose from their graves, I would not fail to do this prayer.
Therefore, we should take care to perform the Duhâ prayer, even if - as already mentioned - only two prayer sections, which is the smallest number. If one prays more, then it is good, and if one performs twelve sections of prayer according to the hadeeth narrated by At-Tirmidhi and found to be good by Ibn Hajjar, then a castle in paradise will be built for one, which is a great favor of Allaah Almighty and Majestic, although it is only a simple act - thank Allaah !. We ask Allaah the Almighty and Majestic to stand by us and you against our ego.
And Allaah the Exalted knows best! May Allaah honor our Prophet Muhammad and give him well-being!
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