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Detail 0718

2018
Architecture Biennale 2018: Observatory in Kanagawa
Highlights from the Hiroshi Sugimoto’s Enoura
Architecture Biennale 2018 Observatory in Kanagawa

Zeitschrift für Architektur + Baudetail Review of Architecture + Construction Details


Urban spaces Urban Spaces
Editorial 1

Stay a while! Strategies What factors contribute to the success of urban spaces? The
Danish architect and urban planner Jan Gehl posed this ques-

for the urban space tion back in the 1960s when he first investigated the behavior
of people on the streets and squares of our cities. In his book

Stay a while! Strategies for “Life Between Buildings” (1971) Gehl distinguishes three types
of outdoor activities: necessary, optional and social. His thesis

Urban Space is that the more a public space has to offer its users for spontaneous
neous activities and unplanned leisure, the more social life will
develop there.
In our current issue, we examine urban spaces that pos-
sess these qualities. The documentations illustrate the variety
in which we encounter such spaces today: as a market hall,
playground and community center, pedestrian bridge and an
inner courtyard on a university campus. We find urban spaces
not only between houses, but also in, at and on buildings as
well as along traffic roads. Many of these places are not only
for unspecific pastimes, but have a clearly defined function
and are based on a well-conceived spatial program. Inter-
disciplinary planning is usually indispensable for their success.
Which factors contribute to the success of urban spaces? This A nice example is the playground and exercise area on the roof
The Danish architect and urban planner Jan of a car park in Copenhagen, for which Jaja Architects collabo-
Gehl in the 1960s when he first rated the behavior with two recreational facility design firms (page 32). Along
of people on the streets and squares of our cities the same lines, our essay examines how the fitness trend is
examined. In his book “Life Between Buildings” (1971) increasingly conquering urban space, leading to ever-new
Gehl differentiates between three types of activities in outdoor spaces: design approaches and functional overlaps (page 24).
necessary, optional and social. His thesis is: The more Of course, there is a fine line between that and overdesign
A public space offers its users for spontaneous or functional overload. Cities also need areas that simply offer
Activities and unplanned pastime, the more likely it is to ent-space for contemplation, such as the Shoah Memorial in
there is social life. Bologna by SET Architects, which we also document in the
In our current issue we show urban spaces, current issue (page 72).
who have these qualities. The documentation in Harald Sommer takes us underground in his article for our
illustrate the diversity in which such rooms are today technology section (page 78). Explaining modern strategies of
encounter: as a market hall, playground and community center, urban rainwater management, he shows how these can be
Pedestrian bridge and as an inner courtyard on a university cam- integrated into compelling open space design. After all, urban
pus. We find urban spaces not only between houses, spaces not only need quality of life but also a future-proof infrastructure
but also in, on and on buildings and along the structure in times of climate change.
main roads. Many of these places are not just for the purpose of Enjoy reading our July / August issue.
free stay, but have quite a clearly defined one
Function and are based on a sophisticated room pro Jakob Schoof
gram. An interdisciplinary planning is usually zredaktio[email protected] for your success
indispensable. A good example is the sports and play
space on a car park roof in Copenhagen, where Yeah
Architects with two teams of experts for sports facility construction. Until November 25th. play the breadth of than just architecture
The South American architecture is running on display. Argentina’s
worked together (from page 32). In keeping with this, the Venice biennale is being studied. Pampas. contribution, for in-
our essay on how the fitness trend is increasingly showing the urban space not only brings the ex-
Architecture. The ar- The Biennale can be panse of the South
conquered and there to ever new design approaches and Ghentian contribution seen in Venice until 25 American Pampas into
Function overlays (from page 24). staged for November, with more the halls of the Arsenale.
Of course there is the limit to "overdesign" and to functional
nal overstrain narrow. Cities also need places that
just have space and invite you to contemplate like that
Holocaust Memorial in Bologna by SET Architects that we
have also documented (from page 72).
Harald Sommer takes us underground in his
Technology article from page 78. It explains contemporary strategies
of rainwater management in the city and shows how
integrate these into a successful open space design.
After all, urban spaces do not only need quality of stay,
but also a future-proof infrastructure in times of
Climate change.
Have fun reading our July / August issue.
Francesco Galli

Jakob Schoof
[email protected]
2 Contents Contents 7/8/2018 ∂

1 editorial

22 Imprint
Imprint

86 project participants / manufacturers
Producer / Distribution

140 Contributors

Filip Dujardin © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2018


60
System with Variatio- System with variations:
nen: The market hall The market hall by
from ORG in belgi- ORG in Anderlecht,
from Anderlecht Belgium, shows how
shows how much variety is possi-
change with only four ble with only four com
Combinations of binations of precast
Precast concrete parts possible- concrete elements.
is lich.

magazine
Reports

4 tower for art


A Tower for Art

6 Three highlights of the

66
Architecture Biennale 2018
Three highlights from the architecture
Biennale 2018

12 stage between sky and sea


A Stage Between Sky and Sea

14 books
Books

16 DETAIL research
Open to new:
Single-family house 2.0 in northern Spain
Replace single-family house 2.0 Reinosa
RAW / deAbajo Garcia
the burnt one
Market hall through a
Products ÁH [LEHO] X QXW] HQGHV
Community center in
Products wood construction.

New beginnings:
92 outdoor facilities RAW / deAbajo Garcia
replaced the burnt
Outdoor Systems
Montse Zamorano

down market hall in


Reinosa in northern
Spain with a flexible
112 Interior work use timber community
Interior construction center.
7/8.2018 3

Urban Spaces Private Elysium:


One on the roof
Shopping mall in the middle

Urban Spaces in Beijing settled


whose owner of
V Studio a guest
house with bamboo
to build a garden.

Private paradise:
V Studio built a guest
house with a bamboo
garden on the roof of a
shopping mall in the

Jin Weiqi
heart of Beijing.

detail.de/
7-8-2018-vstudio

52

Large volumes:
At the residential complex
Krøyers Plads in
Copenhagen left
Cobe and Vilhelm
Lauritzen architect
from the architecture
the historical
Warehouses inspi-
ire.

Large volumes:
Cobe and Vilhelm
Rasmus Hjørtshøj / COAST

Lauritzen architect
drew inspiration from
historic warehouse
architecture for their
Krøyers Plads
residential complex in
Copenhagen.

Essay Documentation 52 Krøyers Plads residential complex in


Copenhagen (DK)
Documentation
24 The active town of Krøyers Plads Residential Develop-
Active Cities ment in Copenhagen (DK)
Jakob Schoof 32 Playground in Copenhagen (DK) COBE, Vilhelm Lauritzen Arkitekter
Playground in Copenhagen (DK)
JAJA Architects 60 market hall in Anderlecht (BE)
Technology market hall in Anderlecht (BE)
Technology 38 Pedestrian Bridge in Brussels (BE) ORG
Pedestrian Bridge in Brussels (BE)
78 Decentralized rainwater MSA / Ney & Partners 66 Community center in Reinosa (ES)
manage Community Center in Reinosa (ES)
Decentralized Rainwater 44 University Courtyard in London (GB) RAW / deAbajoGarcia
Management University Courtyard in London (GB)
Harald Sommer Levitt Bernstein 72 Holocaust Memorial in Bologna (IT)
Shoah Memorial in Bologna (IT)
SET Architects
4 Magazine Reports 7/8/2018 ∂

Tower for art


A Tower for Art
Text: Sandra Hofmeister

Bas Princen 2018 Courtesy Fondazione Prada / All photos and plans OMA: © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2018
OMA completes the art area of ​​the Fondazione Prada in with an unusual high-rise
Milan. OMA completes the Fondazione Prada arts center in Milan with a distinct high-rise building.

Sparkling gold leaf and foamed aluminum: Brilliant gold leaf and foamed aluminum: When The 60 m high tower
completes the trans-
When the Fondazione Prada in Milan three years ago, Fondazione Prada opened in Milan three years formation of the former
opened, impressed the art complex in the ehe- ago, the arts compound in the former gin distillery gen gin distillery
to the art area. He
maligen gin distillery south of Porta Romana on south of Porta Romana made an immediate impres- is located on the northern edge of the
the first glance through eye-catching facade material with its striking facade materials. The new grounds of the Fonda-
zione Prada in Milan
lien. The 10-storey tower, on the other hand, with the 10-storey tower, on the other hand, with which and holds a total of
OMA the transformation of the site in April the OMA completed the transformation of the site in 2000 m 2 additional
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This year, compared to April of this year, is a sober counterpoint to its
Bling-bling of his neighbors sober. The white neighbors ’glam. The white concrete structure The 60-meter-high tow-
he completes the trans-
New concrete building towers above the uneven building rise above the disparate building ensemble on formation of the former
semble at Largo Isarco. He sends a signal for Largo Isarco. It stands as a beacon for the arts but gin distillery into an
arts compound. The
Art and is also a sign of gentrification - also as a symbol of the district’s gentrification, new building on the
tion of the district, which has been pervasive since Fondazione Prada northern edge of Fon-
dazione Prada provides
Fondazione Prada 2015 is unstoppable. opened in 2015. 2,000 m 2 of additional
Inside La Torre are the generous Stacked inside La Torre are generous exhibition exhibition space.
Exhibition halls as well as a restaurant and bar halls as well as a restaurant and a bar. Ceiling heights
stacked. The ceiling height of 2.70 m increase progressively from 2.70 m at the bottom to
rises up to 8 m on the top floor. After 8 m on the top floor. The geometric floor plans of the
on the outside, the sometimes trapezoidal and sometimes individual levels alternate between trapezoidal and
Tower for Art A Tower for Art 5

rectangular floor plans of the exhibition rooms in rectangular, which can be seen from the outside as
the projections of individual floors. A they cantilever over the public spaces below.
W.
More photos of the
huge diagonal pillar supports the tower on A massive diagonal shaft buttresses the tower at project can be found
on-line:
its back. Floor-to-ceiling glazing directs the back. Full-length glazing in the exhibition spaces More photos of the
the view of the visitors in the exhibition area views north toward the city center, to the east project can be found
on-line:
shot alternately north to the city or to the west. The architects designed the rear stair- detail.de/
center and then again to the east or west. case as a unifying element, linking all the irregularities 7-8-2018-oma
The architects designed the rear staircase and various spatial impressions that characterize the
building as a connecting element of all irregularities. “The staircase has become a highly charged
and different spatial impressions that make up the architectural element, ”said Rem Koolhaas.
Characterize buildings. The new tower provides the complex with addi-
an essential architectural element ”, tional exhibition space totaling 2000 m2 and offers
says Rem Koolhaas. room for large art installations. On display in the
The new tower has a total of 2000 m2 additional - bright halls are works from the foundation’s collec-
space for large-scale 20th and 21st-century art, which has emerged
spatial art installations. In the bright halls from a dialogue between Miuccia Prada and curator
are works of the collection from the 21st century Germano Celant - including works by Jeff Koons,
to see the Miuccia Prada in dialogue with curator Damien Hirst, Carsten Höller and Walter de Maria.
Germano Celant - including The floors are covered in matte travertine panels.
Jeff Koons, Damien Hirst, Carsten Höller and Walter Their delicate striations contrast with the coarse OSB
de Maria. Matte travertine slabs draw delicate masses - that covers some of the walls. The rear elevator in
struggles over the floors of the halls. Your pattern, pink onyx and glass takes visitors up to the 160 m2
seal themselves off with coarse blockboard, the here and panoramic rooftop terrace.
as the walls clad. The rear elevator For their design of La Torre, Rem Koolhaas,
The cabin made of pink onyx and glass is brought by Chris van Duijn and project manager Federico
Visitors to the 160 m2 panoramic terrace on Pompignoli drew on a surprising mix of materials,
the roof. combining precious surfaces with simple structures.
For La Torre, Rem Koolhaas, Chris van The entrance is separated from the road by transpar-
Duijn and project manager Federico Pompignoli on an ent plastic columns - a barrier that defines and
surprising mix of materials, the precious one connects at the same time. The landings in the
Surfaces combined with simple structures. stairwell - a main attraction for sporty visitors - are
The entrance area is covered by transparent art- covered in grating that reveals untreated pink gyp-
Tubes of fabric separated from the street - a barrage plasterboard. A visit is certainly well worth it -
ere that delimits and connects at the same time. And the for the architecture and the art alike.
End walls in the stairwell, the actual fla-
In the new rooms, the halls towards the north large installations of
niermeile for sporty visitors, are with the lattice of the exhibition “Atlas” on the city or contemporary art. The
Grate clad, behind which untreated plasterboard are large installations to the east and west. halls open north to-
a contemporary ward the city, to the
plates appear pink. Well worth a visit to see art. From the new rooms of the east or to the west.
- for the sake of architecture and art. “Atlas” exhibition hold open alternately

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6 Magazine Reports 7/8/2018 ∂

Ice-cold landscapes in the arsenal


Arctic Extremes in the Arsenale

Dorte Mandrup shows at the Architecture Biennale


an impressive Greenland project.
Dorte Mandrup presents an impressive Greenland
project at the Architecture Biennale.

Text: Sandra Hofmeister

All photos: Adam Mørk


Freezing cold and arctic light: Dorte Mandrup shows it
Visitors to the main Biennale exhibition will see a world that is far
away from the heat in the lagoon. A soundtrack lays ice
cold winter wind on the interior design in the arsenal. The
reduced architectural model cuts geometric shapes in
the horizonless snow landscape.
Two years ago, the Danish architect won the international
national competition for the Icefjord Center near Ilulissat
the west coast of Greenland. In 2020 the building should be in the middle of the
Ice landscape, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, will be opened
the. In Venice, Mandrup now sets her design as sensual
Experience an extreme landscape and weather atmosphere
in scene. The large room installation made of 350 m3 hard foam
has been in tireless two months of robots
brought into shape. In the almost infinite space that is not
distinguishes between heaven and earth, the architectural
placed the abstract 1:12 model of the building. Accompanied
of light and weather sounds criss-cross foggy waves
the scenery, the times of day can be experienced. In the morning,
when the sun rises in the glacier landscape, it subsides
soft light over the ice fjord. In the event of sudden changes in the weather
Dorte Mandrup's
contribution to the main exhibition
Dorte Mandrup’s
Biennale contribution W
ment of the Biennale is a compelling and video of the spatial
On the other hand, it can get uncomfortable in the Arctic, the ribs are convincing as a multi-faceted sensual installation:
layered sensory experience. The roof video of the
of the model then act like snow-covered hallucinations. driving. The roof of the Eisfjord Center installation:
Somehow that's how it must feel, in Greenland. In any case, the Eisfjord Center is doubles as a prome- detail.de/
as a promenade through the 7-8-2018-mandrup
becomes the “superpower of nature” of the ice fjord in Mandrups Inten der Gletscherland - glacial landscape.
installation to an almost authentic experience. designed shaft.

Freezing cold temperatures and competition to design the Icefjord cludes 350 m3 of rigid foam that scape, a gentle light is cast over
arctic light: Dorte Mandrup Center, located near Ilulissat on was carved into shape by robots. the Icefjord. But abrupt weather
shows Biennale visitors a world the western coast of Greenland. The architects installed an ab- changes in the Arctic can be
far removed from the heat of the In 2020 the building is scheduled stract 1:12 model of the Icefjord come uncomfortable and make
lagoon. The sound of ice-cold to open in the midst of the Center into a seemingly infinite the ribs of the architectural model
winter wind fills the expansive Ilulissat Icefjord’s glacial land- space where sky and ground appear like mirages in the snow.
installation in the Arsenale. A scape, which has been named a merge into one. With the help of Mandrup’s installation of the Ilu-
minimalist architectural model Unesco World Heritage Site. In ambient light, weather sounds lissat Icefjord, a “superpower of
cuts geometric forms into the Venice, Mandrup is now staging and billowing fog, the immersive nature ”, becomes an almost
vast icy landscape. Her design as a sensual experi- installation conveys the course of authentic experience, giving one
Two years ago, the Danish ence of this extreme terrain and the day. In the morning when the sense that this is what it must
architect won the international climate. The large installation in- sun rises in the glacial land- feel like to be in Greenland.
LED system bollard lights, protection class IP 65. Modular design
Luminaires with additional components such as
Headlights, light and motion sensors, emergency light batteries
or certified drive-through protection.
System bollards are in different lighting technology
Versions available. More at www.bega.de

'DV JXWH / LFKW
For a nicer reception.
8 Magazine Reports 7/8/2018 ∂

Sacred spatial experiments For the fact that the Vatican is one of the most important builders of the archi-
tectural history, he signed up for his first appearance at

Experiments in Sacral an architecture bienale left for a long time. All the more impressive


The premiere is now fuller: the curator Francesco dal Co

Structures has invited ten architects from around the world to come up with their own
Reinterpretation of Gunnar Asplund's chapel built in 1920
to realize the forest cemetery in Stockholm. Scene of the
sacred building exhibition is the park of the monastery island of San
The Vatican celebrates its premiere with ten chapels at Giorgio Maggiore, directly opposite St. Mark's Square and
the Architecture Biennale in Venice. but with its atmosphere of seclusion
radical counterpart.
The Vatican celebrates its premiere at the Archi- apart from very few recurring elements
tecture Biennale in Venice with ten chapels. such as the cross, altar and benches were the architects in the
Design of the chapels freely. Occupy the extreme positions
Text: Jakob Schoof with Terunobu Fujimori's saddle roof house with coarse narthex
hewn pine trunks and the Brazilian Carla
Juaçaba, whose chapel consists only of two large stainless steel
cross - one standing, one lying - consists. Heavy, intro-
Eduardo, on the other hand, appears vertically and outwardly inconspicuous
Souto de Mouras prayer room with its massive roof
Relatively close to Asp limestone slabs. The most idiosyncratic and perhaps contemporary
lunds model-oriented
himself Terunobu Fujimori
Sean Godsell has the best design with a beige steel tower
from Japan. The cross controls, the four sides of which are in the lower area like
motif is in his mind
integral part of the
Let the swing gates fold up. The chapel is for frequent
Structure. Change of location designed - just like it has always been for the Jesuits
Terunobu Fujimori from
are commonplace with Godsell himself as a child
went to school.
All photos: Jakob Schoof

Japan based his chap-


el relatively closely on
the model chapel by
Asplund. The cross mo-
tif is integrated into the W.
supporting structure in more photos of the
Fujimori’s design. ten chapels:
More photos of the ten
chapels:
detail.de/
7-8-2018-vatican

A mobile chapel for his chapel by mobile chapel with
with fold-out rigging of a fold-up facade (left).
Façades designed by Gelschiffs inspire. Norman Foster what
Australian Sean God- inspired by the rigging
sell (left). Norman Sean Godsell from of a sailing ship for his
Foster (above) had Australia designed a chapel (above).

Despite being one of the most im- sacral buildings stand in the se- Fujimori with his gabled roof massive limestone slabs. Sean
portant builders in architectural cluded park of the monastery is- structure and narthex of roughly Godsell’s design is the most un-
history, the Vatican has taken a land of San Giorgio Maggiore - a hewn pine trunks, and by Brazil- conventional and perhaps the
long time to make its first appear - radical contrast to the bustle of St. ian architect Carla Juaçaba, most contemporary, with a steel
ance at an architectural biennial. Mark’s Square across the lagoon. whose chapel consists of two tower whose four sides can be
That makes its premiere all the apart from a few recurring el- large stainless steel crosses - opened up at the bottom like
more impressive. Curator Fran- ements such as the cross, altar one standing, one lying on the awnings. The chapel is designed
cesco Dal Co invited ten architects and benches, the architects were ground. In contrast, Eduardo for frequent transport, reflecting
to reinterpret Gunnar Asplund’s given free rein in their designs. Souto de Moura’s prayer room the apostolic mission of the Jes-
chapel built in 1920 at the Wood- Extreme positions were taken by appears heavy, introverted and uits, who ran the school Godsell
land cemetery in Stockholm. The Japanese architect Terunobu outwardly inconspicuous with its visited as a child.
10 Magazine Reports 7/8/2018 ∂

Patina with a claim: Textile recycling from Bangladesh


Patina with Passion: Textile Recycling from Bangladesh

At the Biennale, Anna Heringer is showing a social, women who do handicrafts look after their children and
project instead of your buildings. to be able to live properly. Rudrapur is the name of the village in Bangladesh,
where this social utopia is already about to become reality
Anna Heringer presents not her buildings, but a den. There the German architect tries to use clay and
QRQ SURÀW VRFLDO LQLWLDWLYH DW WKH% LHQQDOH busbuilding sustainable socially responsible solutions for one of the
most densely populated countries on earth. The one with
Text: Frank Kaltenbach Meti School, which was awarded the Aga Khan Prize, followed suit
Desi training center and three high-density residential buildings.
In September 2018, the construction of a center for people
A small box without a window, hardly bigger than a dog house. people with disabilities. With her contribution to the biennial I would like to
The television is on inside. Right next to it, colorful shawls, herring on that of her and the designer Veronika Lena
which are strung like curtains on bamboo poles, draw the attention of a founded non-profit label Didi Textiles,
Completely different space: airy, colorful, inviting for those in between - for which the crowd funding has just started. The
human communication - a freespace. With her biennial women of the village sew old sari fabrics into bags,
Installation, Anna Heringer interprets the motto that the Direk T-shirts or pillows and sell them on the Internet. In the-