How to remove crust on the dog's nose

introduction

A basalioma of the nose is a malignant skin disease that is also known as basal cell carcinoma or basal cell epithelioma. The term white skin cancer is also common. Basalioma only affects the cells of the skin epithelium. This tumor is one of the most common tumors in Europe.

Especially on the nose basaliomas are very common. This is not only unfavorable because they are correspondingly noticeable and annoying at this central point on the face, but also because the operation of a basalioma on the nose is always a problem. In any case, you want to avoid that Olfactory ability of the patient is reduced following an operation.
On the other hand, it is important to act quickly, especially with a basalioma, which is located on the nose. If it is an aggressive form of basalioma, not only that superficialbut also grows deeper, it can happen relatively quickly that the surrounding bony or cartilaginous structures are attacked by tumor tissue and thereby destroyed, which can lead to a multitude of complications.

In rare, extremely serious cases, a Skin graft or even that reconstruction of the face become necessary due to prostheses.

See the main article for more informationBasalioma.

Symptoms of a basal cell carcinoma of the nose

The symptoms of nasal basalioma are very unspecific and usually do not cause pain. A Skin changes, which is reminiscent of a pearl necklace laid in a circle, forms on the affected area. In the early stages, a basalioma is often not recognizable or is mistaken for common skin blemishes.

Read more on this topic at:Symptoms of a basalioma

Do I have a basalioma?

And how dangerous can that be?
Answer to this 14 short questions and find out the result.
Click here to go directly to the Basalioma test

Localization of a basalioma

It is assumed that the UV radiation of light is mainly responsible for the development of a basal cell carcinoma. The reason for this assumption lies in the exposure sites, i.e. the sites that are particularly often affected by basalioma.
Above all, it is skin regions of the human body that are responsible for the sunlight are frequently exposed. Basalioma in particular often affects parts of the face.

Mention should be made of the forehead and the temporal region and the region on the nostrils. But also poor, hands and skin in the area of Scalp and the Hair follicles can be attacked by a basalioma. It is assumed that numerous cells are repeatedly damaged by the incoming UV radiation. The body's own repair system runs millions of times over the defective cells and repairs them. For reasons that are unclear, this repair system sometimes does not work, which means that the defective cells are not repaired and can continue to divide unchecked. As a result, a tumor from malignant cells forms.

Read more on this topic at: Basalioma on the face

Causes of a basalioma on the nose

By far the most important risk factor for the development of a basalioma is the long-term exposure to the skin UV radiation in the sunlight. Hence this type of tumor mainly on areas of the skin that are regularly used a lot solar radiationare exposed: 80% of the basaliomas form on the face, most of them are in the strip leading from the Hairline about the nose to Upper lip pulls.

diagnosis

The diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma of the nose is most often made by a dermatologist.
In advanced stages there is sometimes one Eye diagnosis possible or is trend-setting. In any case, a biopsy must be taken and examined in a pathological laboratory. Since the risk of cell carryover is very high, the entire conspicuous area of ​​skin is usually removed and sent in.

Also for the early detection of a basalioma is a regular one Skin cancer screening makes sense.

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How do I recognize a basalioma of the nose in the early stages?

Since the basalioma grows very slowly, it generally has very good prospects of a cure. It is important that the basalioma is differentiated from a pimple or skin appendage. The appearance of a basal cell carcinoma can vary. At the beginning, for example, a light knot point on the nose or in the corner of the nose. On the other hand, the knot can also be reddish in color. Furthermore, the basalioma also shows up partially as Red Spot in the skin. These lumps or spots will slowly continue to spread. In some cases it does central indentation. The basalioma can bleed in the course. A crust then forms on this bleeding area.

Treatment of a basal cell carcinoma of the nose

If the diagnosis of a basal cell carcinoma has been made, a photodynamic irradiationthe nose. Recurrences are always possible, but the prognosis is generally good.

Read more on the topic:Therapy of a basalioma

The operation of a basalioma on the nose

The therapy of first choice for treating a basalioma of the nose is this radical, microscopic controlled Excision.

This is usually done under local anesthesia or, if desired, under general anesthetic the degenerated epithelial cells of the nose are surgically removed. To do this, the surgeon uses a scalpel to cut around the degenerated area at a certain safety distance and, if possible, removes all degenerated cells.
Since, on the one hand, it is usually a relatively small area of ​​degeneration, and on the other hand, the location in the face makes a very precise operation necessary, the surgeon operates with the help of a microscope.
This is usually attached to the surgeon's head and enables a strong magnification. In this way, unnecessarily large excisions can be prevented - and the basalioma completely removed.

As an alternative to the classic operating room, laser surgery, cryosurgery and radiation using X-rays are also available. This can sometimes be necessary, especially in older patients, if an invasive procedure cannot be carried out.

  1. In laser surgery, the removal is carried out using a high-energy laser.
  2. Cryosurgery is a surgical procedure in which the basalioma is destroyed by exposure to cold. However, the latter procedure only promises success with small and superficial basaliomas.

As a rule, a basal cell carcinoma is therefore treated with surgery. For reasons of infection, a bandage must be worn for a few days to weeks after the operation to prevent inflammation. The tissue normally grows back within weeks to months and fills the excised gap.
The Excidate is always kept for follow-up examination, and in the pathology for examination and to the correct grading passed on. Under grading one understands a classification of the tumor, the removed areas, and an assessment of the benign or malignancy.

True, the basalioma is a semimaligner, so "semi-vicious“Tumor, however, due to its low rate of metastasis, a very good prognosis can be expected with complete surgical excision. Also the fact that Basaliomas mean to grow slowly over months to years, comes towards a favorable outcome. However, one should not wait too long with an operation, since with enough time a semi-malignant tumor can become malignant, i.e. malignant.

Skin graft

A skin graft is carried out after the basal cell has been surgically removed. It depends on how large the basalioma was or how far it has spread in the area. If the wound cannot be closed due to its size, a skin graft must be carried out to cover the wound. The Shift-swivel-flap technique can be used in the formation of tissue defects. Here, the surgical wound is covered with healthy skin from the area. The edges of the wound and the edges of the skin graft are sutured together. Depending on how deep the surgical wound is, either only superficial layers of skin or deeper layers of skin are taken to close the skin defect. Another option is the so-called rotation flap, in which the skin flap is prepared and twisted into the skin defect. Here, too, the edges are sewn.

Read more on this topic at: Skin graft

Do I have a basal cell carcinoma?

And how dangerous can that be?
Answer to this 14 short questions and find out the result.
Click here to go directly to the Basalioma test

additional Information

More information on the topic Basalioma nose you'll find here:

Quality assurance by: Dr. Nicolas Gumpert | Last change: 05.05.2021