How to Fix Unpooled Garage Door

Repair veneered surfaces

Repairing veneered surfaces - how to get rid of cracks and other damage

Veneers have been used to make furniture and other products for a long time. They are usually less than a millimeter thick and are usually glued to wood-based materials such as chipboard. This saves money, because the combination of wood-based material and veneer is cheaper than using solid wood. Veneers also have a decisive advantage, because veneered panels tend to warp much less than solid wood panels.

Veneers are therefore mostly used in the production of large, continuous surfaces such as room doors or the side panels of wardrobes. The decision between solid wood and veneer is therefore not only a question of cost, and even fine, old pieces of furniture are often veneered. Repairing damage is more difficult with veneered surfaces than with solid wood. For example, they cannot be sanded down as often as required to remove signs of use such as scratches. Nevertheless, there are many ways to repair damaged areas.

Conceal cracks in the veneer

Narrow cracks in the veneer can easily be filled with a little wax putty, wood putty or a wood paste. These agents are least noticeable when they are a shade darker than the veneer. If you want to use wax putty, it is best to warm it up with a lighter. This makes it smoother and easier to get into the cracks. If you want, you can even heat it until it becomes liquid and let it drip down the cracks. Carefully remove splashes and protruding wax residues with a chisel.

Glue the peeled veneer back on with the iron

If the veneer comes loose in one or more places, you can try to glue it on with the iron. Usually there is still glue under the veneer, which becomes soft again due to the heat. To do this, set the iron to a medium temperature and place a cotton cloth on the area to be treated. It protects the veneer from damage. Although this method is not always successful, it is very easy to carry out and is therefore definitely worth a try. Don't give up too quickly, however, as the old glue will take some time to soften again.

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Fix the old veneer with fresh wood glue

If ironing didn't help, glue the peeled veneer back on with wood glue. To do this, lift the veneer as far as possible and, depending on the size of the affected area, apply the glue to the carrier plate with a smaller or larger brush. A disposable syringe can be helpful for very small detachments and bubbles. Once the glue has been applied, weigh down the veneer with an object until the glue has set.

Alternatively, you can use screw clamps and allowances to fix the veneer on the carrier plate. For minor repairs, however, a little sticky tape may be sufficient. Note, however, that no glue should get on the top of the veneer. You can simply remove excess glue with a damp cloth and then, as a precaution, place a sheet of newspaper between the veneer and the allowance or the object to weigh down.

Replace the missing veneer with a new one

If parts of the veneer have become detached and can no longer be found, you have no choice but to look for a piece of veneer that is as similar as possible. It is best to use a sharp craft knife for cutting. Make sure that the replacement veneer is a little larger than the damaged area. Once it has been cut to size, place it on the defective area and trace the outline with a pencil.

If you now trace the contours with a utility knife and with the help of a metal ruler, for example, and remove the veneer remnants and the residues from the old glue from the substrate with a chisel, your replacement veneer will fit perfectly. Then you can glue it to the carrier plate as described above. It will probably not be exactly the same color as the original veneer, but it can be matched with a little stain or a retouching pen.

With clear varnish you also protect the repaired area from moisture. This last step of the optical adjustment depends on the means with which the veneered surface was originally treated, because, for example, a lacquered area on an oiled wooden surface would be very noticeable. Ideally, you use exactly the same means for a repair.

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Tags:Wood