How many ethnic groups in Cambodia house

Cambodia info

Tips

For the first night, it makes sense to book accommodation in advance. This gives you a first point of contact directly upon arrival and booking online is often cheaper than booking directly on site.

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Country data

surface
Total: 181 035 sq km
Land: 176,515 sq km
Water: 4,520 sq km
 
National border
Total: 2572 km long
Border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1228 km
 
Coastline
443 km
 
terrain
mostly flat, mountains in the southwest and north
 
Highest mountain
Phnum Aoral 1810 m
 
population
14 952 665 (July 2012)
 
age structure
0-14 years: 32.2% (male 2,375,155 / female 2,356,305)
15-64 years: 64.1% (male 4,523,030 / female 4,893,761)
65 years and older: 3.8% (male 208,473 / female 344,993)
 
Population growth rate
1,687%
 
Birth rate
25.17 births / 1000 inhabitants
 
Death rate
7.97 deaths / 1000 population
 
Gender ratio
at birth: 1.04 male / female
under 15 years: 1.01 male / female
15-64 years: 0.93 male / female
65 years and over: 0.6 male / female
Total population: 0.94 male / female
 
Mortality rate
54.08 deaths / 1000 births
 
Life expectancy from birth
Total population: 63.04 years
male: 60.66 years
female: 65.63 years
 
Rate of reproduction
2.78 born children / woman
 
Ethnic groups
Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, others 4%
 
Religions
Theravada Buddhism 96%, other 4%
 
languages
Khmer (official), French
 
- listen to the national anthem -
 
Source and further detailed data
can be found in the >> World Factbook.




climate

Cambodia has a tropical monsoon climate. The average annual temperature is around 27 ° C. The rainy season lasts from mid-April to mid-October. The average annual rainfall is about 1400 mm in the central lowlands, about 3800 mm in the mountainous regions and about 5000 mm on the coast.

monsoon
The monsoon is a constantly blowing, continent-wide wind with a change of direction every six months. The monsoons are particularly pronounced in Southeast Asia. In winter, cool and dry air flows from the land towards the sea. The land is drying up. The wind direction changes in summer. The air now flows from the sea towards the land. In connection with this, there are heavy rains that interrupt the more or less arid dry period. This change in wind direction is the result of the different warming of continents and oceans over the course of the seasons. However, the monsoons should not only be seen as a regional balancing current between land and sea. Rather, it is embedded in the planetary circulation mechanisms and must also be viewed against the background of the seasonal shifts in intra-tropical convergence. The summer monsoon corresponds to an intra-tropical westerly wind, the winter monsoon is identical to the northeast trade wind. The monsoons can have both beneficial and harmful effects. After six months of drought, rain is welcome. After several months of monsoons, however, there is always the risk of major floods.
Source: Microsoft Encarta


Climate table

month123456789101112
Min. Temp ° C222223242424242424242322
Max. Temp ° C313334353433323231313030
Humidity %686664667476777982807672
Rainydays11356101111121393
The monthly figures are average values ​​that have been calculated from an observation period. Since the weather situation is subject to constant changes due to various influences, the information cannot be regarded as absolute, but rather should reflect a relative climate assessment within the months.



history

In what is now Cambodia, people lived 8,000 years ago. Artifacts from clay allow this conclusion. The kingdom of Funan emerged in the first centuries AD. The trade relations reached as far as Europe. In the sixth century, the Khmer gained power over Funan. The heyday of the Khmer Empire was in the 9th - 13th centuries when it encompassed much of Southeast Asia. The capital of the empire was Angkor with the temple Angkor Wat, which was built in the 12th century and which is now the symbol of the country.

After repeated conquests by the Thai, the capital was moved from the destroyed Angkor to Phnom Penh in 1432. In the following century Cambodia was under the alternating rule of Thai and Vietnamese. The country remained under French control until independence in 1953 (it was occupied by Japanese troops during World War II).

Prince Norodom Sihanouk dominated politics until 1970, when he was deposed by the pro-American General Lon Nol. Supporters of Prince Norodo, Sihanouk and the communist Khmer Rouge fought Lon Nol in a civil war. The Khmer Rouge won the civil war in 1975 and began, under the leadership of Pol Pot, to restructure the country socially and politically: The inhabitants of the cities were resettled in the country and the opposition supporters persecuted. Sihanouk was reinstated as head of state, but resigned in 1976. During the reign of terror by the Khmer Rouge, more than a million people died of hunger, disease or were murdered. Anyone who makes themselves suspicious because they can read or write, has Chinese parents, wears glasses or because their face is not pleasing will be killed.

In December 1978 Vietnam invaded Cambodia and ended the rule of Pol Pot. Heng Samrin became president of the newly proclaimed People's Republic of Kampuchea. For the next ten years, Vietnamese troops attempted to defeat the guerrilla forces set up by Pol Pot. In 1989 Vietnam withdrew from Cambodia. In 1988 peace talks began between the government and three guerrilla groups, but they did not produce any significant results until 1990.

In August 1990 the four parties to the conflict agreed to adopt a UN peace plan. The UN sent troops and civilian workers to rebuild the country's administration and organize elections. However, the peace process has been jeopardized time and again by fighting between the government, the followers of Sihanouk and the Khmer Rouge. The political situation remains unstable: in 1994 government and Khmer Rouge troops fought a series of skirmishes. The talks that began between the two sides in June were broken off after a short time.

Pol Pot dies in April 1998 and is cremated in the open field. Many of his closest aides hold high administrative positions.




Manners

Greetings
When greeting, Cambodians bring their hands together in a prayer position in front of their chests without touching their bodies. The higher the hands are held, the more respect is shown. When the elderly or people of higher social status are greeted, it is easy to bow to show respect. If you are holding or carrying objects, simply nod your head. In Cambodia, people don't shake hands to greet them; women even get embarrassed when you shake hands with them. Among many others is Sok sebai te? (How are you?) A possible form of greeting.

Gestures
When sitting, the feet should not point to an image of the Buddha or a person. For the Buddhists, the head is the most sacred part of the body, which one must never touch. In the presence of an older or superior person, one should avoid sitting or standing higher than them. Kind gestures are very important: waving your hand, an "open" face, friendly eye contact or a smile. Hugging someone in public is considered unforgivable.

Invitations
Frequent visits without notice are the norm among friends and relatives. Before entering an apartment or a wat you have to take off your shoes. A guest is sometimes greeted with a bouquet of jasmine flowers on the table. In general, Cambodians are extremely hospitable, but reluctant to invite strangers into their homes. Guests are usually offered drinks. At meals, the guest always has the best seat and gets the best part of the food.

Eating habits
Cambodians eat with chopsticks, spoons or their fingers, depending on the food. They like foods that are influenced by Indian, Chinese and European cuisines. In general, the dishes in Cambodia are not as strongly seasoned as in neighboring countries.

Source: Microsoft Encarta




Flora Fauna

F l o r a
The nature of Cambodia is in good condition compared to other Asian countries. Around 60% of the country is covered by primeval forest, which is rich in species of flora that can only be found in this area. People live in harmony with nature and know the many different plant species that are of economic, medicinal and cultural importance for them. Rare tree species threatened with extinction, such as the Burmese ebony tree, the blackwood tree and the Siamese rosewood tree, grow in the forests.

The uncultivated landscape can be roughly divided into the following types:

Evergreen mountain forest Grows at altitudes over 700 meters with a colder and humid climate. The soils are poor in nutrients and the trees reach a height of 20 meters. Ferns grow on the subsoil.

Tropical rainforest Grows below 700 meters in a warm, humid climate. The trees reach a height of 40-50 meters. Palm trees, lianas and a wide variety of low trees and bushes thrive in the undergrowth.

Savannah Is characterized by very nutrient-poor and dry soils. The barren forests are low and the vegetation consists mainly of prickly plants with hard leaves.

Mangrove forests These bushes cover large areas of the coast and grow on the dividing line between land and sea. The roots grow deep into the ground. Their ecological task is to protect the shore from the violence of the sea. The many shrimp farms and also the charcoal production are threatening the mangrove forests more and more.

F a u n a
The virgin forests of Cambodia are a reserve for threatened animal species. It is unclear which and how many threatened species can still be found. Due to the civil war, no expeditions have been undertaken in the past 25 years. You can find detailed information about Cambodia's fauna at the environmental foundation >> WWF