A little guitar chord wikihow compost

Learn guitar chords [free tutorial]

Beginners who want to learn chords should start with what are known as open chords. With these relatively simple guitar fingerings, many simple guitar pieces can be accompanied. The only challenge is the fluent grip. With continuous practice, however, you will soon achieve learning success.

When practicing, grasp slowly and cleanly at the beginning. This is more effective than quickly but sloppily changing the handles.

Also pay attention to which strings are being played. Picks are recommended for striking the chords. It is also important that the fingers are always as close as possible to the frets for a clean tone.

In the case of the open chords, there are a total of eight pieces in the basic types in major and minor - the basic tool of every guitarist.

Table of Contents

The basic principle of the fingering chart

Fingering charts are often used to better visualize chords. The structure looks like this:

Each horizontal line represents a string, each vertical line represents a fret. On the left is the saddle, from there all frets begin in ascending order. Markings on the frets show which finger has to be put where. Here stands:

Z For index finger
M. For Middle finger
R. For Ring finger
K For pinkie finger.

A string with a mark is always played. If there is an 'x' or 'o' to the left of the saddle, this means that the string nnot played (x) may be or alluded to empty (o) has to be done without something being grasped.

Let's take a look at the example of the C major chord

C major chord

The index finger (Z) goes on the 1st fret of the h-string, middle finger (M) on the 2nd fret of the d-string and the ring finger (R) on the 3rd fret of the A-string. From the A string onwards, all strings are played. I. E. the E string is not played, the g and e strings are played "empty" - without grasping anything.

D major chord

Index finger (Z) on the 2nd fret of the g-string, ring finger (R) on the 3rd fret of the h-string and middle finger (M) on the 2nd fret of the e-string. The E and A strings are not played, all strings are only played from the d string onwards.

E major chord

For the E major chord, place your middle finger (M) on the second fret of the A string. Right next to it the ring finger (R) on the D string. Now place your index finger (Z) on the first fret of the g-string. That's it! You can strike all strings on the E major chord.

G major chord

Middle finger on the 3rd fret of the E string, index finger on the 2nd fret of the A string, little finger on the 3rd fret of the E string. Even with the G major chord, all strings are played.

A major chord

Index finger on the 2nd fret of the d-string, middle finger on the 2nd fret of the g-string, ring finger on the 2nd fret of the h-string. Again, make sure that you only play the strings from the A string downwards. The E string remains mute.

D minor chord

Middle finger on the 2nd fret of the g-string, index finger on the 1st fret of the e-string and little finger on the 3rd fret of the h-string. As with the D major chord, the E and A strings are not played, but the empty D string is included.

E minor chord

Middle finger on the 2nd fret of the A string, ring finger on the 2nd fret of the D string. Strike all strings.

A minor chord

Middle finger on the 2nd fret of the D string, ring finger on the 2nd fret of the G string, index finger on the 1st fret of the H string. Don't play the E string.

Change chords

When changing chords, make sure to go as simple as possible to save time. Example: When changing from E major to E minor, only the index finger has to be removed. It is not necessary to grasp all of the tones again.

Chords don't sound?

For most beginners, the first few chords do not sound, the notes cannot be heard. This is completely normal and nothing to worry about. In the beginning, the fingers lack flexibility and strength. That is why it is often gripped improperly. In order to sound out the source of the error, play each string individually, identify exactly where the tone is not sounding and make appropriate improvements. A finger can unintentionally block a foreign string, not sit close enough to the fret or lose its strength after too long practice. It often helps to take a break and practice again later.

With the help of these chords you can already play many songs from rock and pop history. See Guitar Songs for some suggestions.

If you have any questions or did not understand something, please leave us a comment on this page. We will help you in the best possible way!