How to take care of Alocasia Polly Plant
How to care for Alocasia Amazonika Polly at home
Alocacia, as a genus, comprises 70 to 100 original and very different in appearance and size varieties, most of which grow in the south of the Asian and Pacific regions. The history of the discovery and the beginning of the study Alokaziya is a little over a hundred years, but during this time the plants of amateur indoor flowers were sighted and also the subject of controversy botanists and breeders are managed.
There is a very interesting story associated with one of the most popular garden representatives of the genus, Alocasia of the Amazon.
The history of the appearance and spread of Alocacia from Amazonica
Despite being mentioned in the name of the South American river culture, this type of alocacia has nothing to do with the Amazon and its famous rainforests. Don't find this amazing plant in the islands of Oceania, Melanesia and other wild species habitats.
The fact is that Alocasia Amazonica is an artificially created hybrid, the history of which only begins in the 50s of the last century. According to a study conducted by the International Society of Araceae, the first being the Alokaziya Amazonica raised was the humble American postman who owned a small nursery of tropical crops and gave the resulting plant which he liked the name. It is difficult to say which parental forms were originally used for breeding by Salvador Mauri.
Today, a mix of Alocasia longiloba and Alocasia Sanderiana are offered to flower growers called Alocasia Amazonica.
Since the plant with its unusually bright leaves immediately attracted serious interest from florists, many commercial companies have established the cultivation of Alocacia of Amazonica as a pot culture. In the 80s of the last century, in the Silver Chrome Gardens kennel, belonging to the Rotolante family, a plant was found that is different from the congeners of slow growth and much smaller plants. Denis Rotolante assumed that these properties, together with the polyploid set of the alocasia genes, resulted from a mutation.
Therefore, a new name appeared for the plant - Alocasia Poly, later converted to Polly. The new plant showed great promise for indoor floriculture because it could be easily placed in any room. In addition, the care of Amazonik Polly's Alocasia at home has been greatly simplified.
Dwarf variety of Alocacia Amazonica has spread around the world and is now well known to breeders and under the trade name Alocasia by Polly, as well as Alocasia Aligator or African mask.
Description of Alocasia Amazonika
If we compare Alocasia Amazonica with parent species, the similarities and differences of these interesting plants are clearly visible. From the Alocacia Sandera, in the photo, the culture inherited the dense weave of the leaf plate, its rich color, and the carved edge.
Genes also Alocasia longiloba, in the photo, change the contours of the foliage, but Alokaziya Amazonica, as well as wild species, are rightly called "elephant ears". The shape of its leathery, dark green leaves with contrasting white or pale green veins fully corresponds to this common name.
With proper care at home, Pollock's Alocasia, as in the photo, sometimes blooms.
Inflorescence-shaped ear surround succulent bract, which after fertilization dies, revealing red or orange berries. Since Alocasia Amazonika is a hybrid that does not occur in nature, it is almost impossible to propagate it with seeds. Cloning technologies are used to reproduce plants in laboratory conditions and in large nurseries. And at home you can get a young plant vegetatively.
In height, this type of alocacia can reach one and a half meters, but more often, in the conditions of an apartment, do not exceed 50-80 cm.The plant gives a particularly rapid increase in growth with good lighting and adequate watering.
Take care of Alocasia Amazonika Polly at home
As a descendant of plants that occur naturally in humid tropical forests, Alocasia Amazonica claims the same cultivation and care requirements as its parent species.
The main criterion for the comfort of the Alocacia of Amazonica is the right choice of soil mixture and irrigation.
The soil must be very loose and have good access to oxygen and moisture permeability. At the same time, the water should not stay in the ground for a long time, otherwise stagnant phenomena and root rot cannot be avoided. The easiest way to mix Alocacia Amazonika Polly, at home, in equal parts:
- high peat;
- Garden land;
- a ready mix for orchids.
Such a soil contains the necessary nutrients so that the plant can actively breathe and develop.
All types of Alocacia, including Polly, are very demanding on watering. The soil under the plant should not dry out, but the moisture in the terrestrial coma should not stagnate.
For irrigation, it is recommended to use standing, boiled or distilled water at room temperature.
In this warm season, the green part of the plant is regularly watered with warm water, and in winter it is limited to wiping the leaf plates with a soft, damp cloth.
Inclusion at home in the care of Alocasia Polly, as in the photo, nutrition is just as important as timely watering. During the warm months, around April to October, the plants are fertilized monthly, combining nitrogen and mineral supplements. During the winter dormancy, fertilization is stopped, watering is reduced and the condition of foliage and roots is monitored.
Like the wild alocacia, the hybrid variety needs light but does not tolerate direct sunlight. When there is enough light, the plant responds with rapid growth and the formation of new foliage. When kept in the shade, the leaf plates turn almost black.
The more light you get on Alocacia, the more abundantly it should be watered, and the growing specimens need to be poured into larger-diameter pots once a year.
It is better to transplant in the spring, at the beginning of the growing season. The procedure can be combined with the division of the rhizome, the formation of children and tubers.
But no matter how qualitative the care for Alocasia from Amazonik Polly was, if it is impossible to create a comfortable temperature and humidity regime at home, the plant will die, and sometimes it will die.
Alocasia feels good at a temperature of 16 to 24 ° C and requires a high humidity of over 65%. A good help for a flower grower in this case is a tray filled with pebbles or expanded clay and filled with water. For Alocasia, not only drought, but also drafts and hypothermia are harmful. If the plant is brought into the garden in summer, a nighttime temperature drop below 13 ° C can cause irreparable damage to the root system or act as a signal for the plant to take a break.
The first sign of discomfort, for example in the absence of light, water or heat, can be seen as withering and falling leaves.
The growth will continue when Alocasia Amazonika Polly is properly cared for again at home.
Alocacia flower is a pleasant surprise for the florist. It is true, the appearance of the peduncle and inflorescences is a serious test, as Polly's alocacia flowers are rather large, rather than other species, and decimate the specimen that is about to bloom. In order not to lose the whole shrub, it is recommended to cut off the stems before opening the inflorescence or at the beginning of the tying process. Lay the incision with carbon powder, making sure that the damaged tissue is not rotten.
And apartments for alocacia find a place in the expectation that foliage with poisonous compounds would not be available to warm-blooded creatures, children and pets.
Video about Alocasia Polly
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