Whatever happened to Mujibur and Sirajul

What is pain And what happens in the body?

If you asked a hundred people how they would describe and define pain, you would probably get a hundred different answers. Because the perception of pain is subjective and unique for every person. Pain is primarily uncomfortable, but it fulfills an important protective function in the body.

Pain is vital. A person who does not feel pain is practically incapable of survival, as he cannot adequately protect himself or his fellow human beings.

How does pain arise?

Physiologically speaking, pain means irritation (and possibly damage) to fibers within the nervous system. The pain receptors at the nerve endings always react when tissue damage is threatened or has occurred, and pass the "information" on to the cerebral cortex - then the person becomes aware of the pain.

What is the function of pain?

Basically, pain has an important one Warning or guidance function and is a subjective sensory perception. Biological as well as psychological and social components work together. The perception of pain is very different depending on the person.

Location, duration, type and intensity of the injury - all this information is conveyed to you at lightning speed with the aid of the unpleasant feeling, also and especially in order to avoid further or more serious injuries and to protect yourself. This process of avoiding harmful behavior is learned on the one hand on the basis of the pain, on the other hand there are so-called reflex connections in the spinal cord, which are unconsciously responsible for, for example, escape movements or postures.

> Heat or cold? what is better for injuries?

Classification of pain

In order to be able to describe pain, to express pain perception and to be able to make a diagnosis from a medical point of view, it is important to be able to define and limit the pain personally for yourself. Doctors therefore use a pain scale to query pain perception.

A pain scale helps to describe the intensity. (c) lukpedclub / Fotolia

First of all, between acute and chronic Differentiated pain.

> Chronic pain therapy

In addition, there is a subdivision into the qualities affective and sensoryin order to be able to concretise the experience of pain and thus better grasp it. The affective component expresses the feeling associated with the pain. This becomes - in each case subjective! - defines whether the pain is intense, excruciating or grueling, for example. Fear also falls under this area. Sensory pain describes sharpness and rhythm, for example tearing, burning or throbbing or hammering, and thus affects the quality of the individual pain perception. The general intensity always varies greatly and is basically dependent on personal feelings, experiences and also the type and size of the injury.

> Natural pain relievers

What does pain have to do with experience?

Pain perception and localization are one Learning process of the body and are based on experience. Pain is also filtered by the body. This can happen, for example, if pain as a result of an accident would be unbearable. Then the sensation of pain stops at that moment and the person concerned does not feel anything for the time being (shock).

There is also the reverse case: Here the patient imagines that he is in pain, although it does not exist physiologically. In addition, the body also has a so-called Pain memory. If the body has already experienced the same pain, it remembers and often reacts to this repetition in such a way that the pain is felt to be more intense and longer-lasting. At the same time, the pain threshold, i.e. the moment in which the pain is consciously felt, is lowered.

What types of pain are there?

The type of pain also differs depending on whether external or internal factors are responsible for the pain.

If a pain comes from an organ, it is called visceral pain designated. Nausea, inflammation, or tremors fall under the somatic category. If the emotional burden is great, the doctor speaks of psychosomatic complaints. If there is tissue damage due to external influences or if a functional disorder occurs, so-called nociceptor pain occurs.

Of course, the respective categories are not always clearly distinguishable from one another, and there is not always only one species involved. However, this must be diagnosed by a specialist - based on the patient's personal pain description.