What happened in the history of America in 1976
The main events
in the chronicle
January 1st: The oil industry in Venezuela is nationalized.
January 1st: New rules in road traffic: In the Federal Republic of Germany, it is mandatory to wear seat belts on the front seats of cars and the recommended speed of 130 km / h is introduced on motorways.
January 03: The North German coast is hit by a huge storm surge. Unlike in 1962, this time the dikes hold.
January 09: Nine players in the Bundesliga, who testified under oath in the 1971 Bundesliga scandal that they had not received any bribes for postponing games, were convicted of perjury by the Essen District Court.
January 26th: The principles of universities and student participation are regulated nationwide by the University Framework Act.
31 January: 119 Picasso pictures are stolen from the Papal Palace in Avignon.
February 1st: The German physicist and Nobel Prize winner Werner Heisenberg dies in Munich.
February 5th: The Ludwig Museum in Cologne is founded by the Ludwigs donating 350 works of modern art to the city of Cologne.
February 12th: The controversial paragraph 218 will be reformed. In the event of an ethical, medical or social emergency, the termination of pregnancy is exempt from punishment for the first three months.
19th of February: Iceland breaks off diplomatic relations with Great Britain in the fisheries conflict.
March 18th: In companies with more than 2,000 employees, the Codetermination Act gives employees more say.
March 24th: Argentine President Isabel Perón is arrested by the military and placed under house arrest.
April 1st: The new building for the Federal Chancellery is inaugurated in Bonn. The important painter and sculptor Max Ernst dies in Paris.
April 23: The Palace of the Republic is inaugurated in East Berlin.
April, 30th: Numerous newspapers nationwide do not appear: the printers are on strike.
May 09: The RAF terrorist Ulrike Meinhof hangs herself in the Stuttgart-Stammheim prison. As a result, there are numerous acts of violence and protests.
May 18th: The newspapers appear again and the printers get 6% more wages.
May 22: In the GDR, Erich Honecker is elected General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED).
May 26: The philosopher Martin Heidegger dies in Freiburg.
28th of May: The United States and the Soviet Union decide by treaty to limit underground nuclear weapons tests.
14th June: Marriage law is modified. Divorces are no longer based on guilt but on the failure of the marriage.
June 16: Uprising in Soweto: In Soweto near Johannesburg, mass protests by the black population against apartheid are violently suppressed by the police. As a result, 176 people die.
June 19th: Fairytale wedding in Stockholm. The Swedish King Carl XVI. Gustav (born 1946) marries the German stewardess Silvia Sommerlath (born 1943).
20th June: The UN Security Council condemns the actions of the South African police in Soweto.
June 27th: An Air France plane is hijacked by terrorists, including two Germans, to Entebbe / Uganda.
July 1st: New naming rights for married couples in the Federal Republic. The surname can now be the surname of the man, the woman or a double name.
July 2nd: Reunification of Vietnam.
July 2nd: The US is reintroducing the death penalty.
July 4th: Elite Israeli units free the hostages from the hijacked Air France plane in Entebbe at night without consulting the authorities in Uganda. Seven of the ten terrorists are killed, three hostages and one Israeli die. 45 soldiers die in the Ugandan troops that are shooting at the Israelis.
10th of July: In a chemical accident in Seveso / Italy, highly toxic dioxin is released.
17th July: Beginning of the Summer Olympics in Montreal / Canada.
20th of July: First successful landing on the planet Mars by the unmanned NASA probe Viking 1.
July 27th: 650,000 people die in an earthquake in the northern Chinese city of Tangshan.
30th July: Minimum wage increase from 350 to 400 marks in the GDR.
18th of August: In protest against the GDR government, pastor Oskar Brüsewitz set himself on fire on the market square in Zeitz / GDR and died of the burns four days later.
September 09: The Chinese state and party leader Mao Tse-tung dies.
September 18: In Beijing, almost 1.5 million Chinese take part in the funeral service for the late Mao Tse-tung.
September 22nd: Joseph Cardinal Höffner is elected as the new chairman of the German Bishops' Conference.
October 03: The SPD Prime Minister of Hesse Albert Osswald has to resign because of his involvement in the Helaba scandal. He will be succeeded by Holger Börner.
October 03: Federal Chancellor Helmut Schmidt (SPD) wins the Bundestag election against Helmut Kohl (CDU). As a party, the CDU receives the most votes, but the social-liberal coalition of the SPD and FDP together still has the majority.
October 21: The Federal Republic is elected as a member of the UN Security Council for two years.
30th of October: First demonstrations against the construction of a nuclear power plant near Brokdorf. This leads to clashes between opponents of nuclear power and the police.
November 1st: The first so-called women's shelter opens in West Berlin.
November 2nd: The Democrat James Earl "Jimmy" Carter (born 1924) is elected 39th President of the United States.
November 13th: The concert tour of the GDR songwriter Wolf Biermanns through the Federal Republic is used to expatriate the songwriter from the GDR.
November 29th: The Neckermann mail order company, which got into financial difficulties, is taken over by the Karstadt Group.
December 14th: Kidnapping of Richard Oetker (born 1951), son of the entrepreneur Rudolf-August Oetker.
December 16: Richard Oetker is released after paying a ransom of DM 21 million.
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