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Morning sickness - causes and therapy
Causes, treatments, and backgrounds for morning sickness
Do you know that? You wake up feeling like you are vomiting. Or your head is spinning and you get dizzy when you straighten up? Pregnant women know how to sing a song about it, as do partiers after a night of partying. But the morning sickness can also have various other causes.
The AMA Council of General Practice in Great Britain also knows “morning people”. The body usually releases hormones at a certain time of the day: adrenaline in the morning and melatonin at night. If this rhythm shifts, however, it leads to bad feelings when getting up. Our "activity hormone", the adrenaline, is missing now, and with it the "gasoline" to get the engine going.
Nausea in the morning from a sumptuous dinner
Do you have a stomach ache in the morning? Then maybe you ate too heavily and too much the previous evening. The body first has to digest a large meal with fatty meat, cream sauce and potato dumplings. Then too much acid builds up in your stomach while you are lying down, causing abdominal pain. You can avoid this by eating very little light food in the evening. Fruits and nuts, soups and low-fat fish dishes are well suited.
If the stomach has to work in the morning and it hurts because of it, help it with a glass of lukewarm water. This strengthens digestion and calms the stomach.
We all know days when we don't want to get up - because an appointment with our boss is imminent, because a lot of unfinished business is waiting for us or our relationship is in crisis. "To sleep one night first" about stressful questions makes sense, but firstly, the problems affect our dreams, and secondly, we think about them as soon as we get up.
The result is: We put our body in a stress mode. It literally hits the stomach. In the event of losses, lovesickness or serious depression, we feel “whacked”. Everything hurts, we have “airplanes” in our stomach, and the first thing we do when we get out of bed is to go to the bathroom and throw up.
As “superficial” as it sounds, we can relatively easily condition ourselves to avoid this morning sickness for psychological reasons. Thoughts and feelings are not entirely involuntary.
In the case of stressful thoughts, the brain activates chains of associations, it falls back on patterns that are connected to these thoughts. We can redirect this dynamic by focusing on positive things. That can be a melody with which we associate pleasant memories when the alarm clock goes off.
Meditation techniques can also help, or a diary in which we write down everything we have in mind when we wake up and thus build a distance to the negative patterns.
Regardless of whether it is psychological or organic: if the symptoms persist for several weeks, see a doctor.
Morning sickness from pregnancy
More than every second pregnant woman knows the feeling of waking up with a dull feeling in the stomach in the first few months. Familiar smells are unbearable, and they throw up immediately after waking up. Usually these symptoms end after the first three months of pregnancy.
Acidified food as well as strong spices, fish such as eggs, cigarette smoke, aftershave or coffee can trigger nausea in pregnant women. Doctors explain this hypersensitivity with the level of HCG, the human chorionic gonadotropin. This forms in the shell of the amniotic sac and ensures that progesterone is released and promotes the formation of estrogen in the ovaries and placenta. High levels of estrogen translate into nausea.
An indication of this hypothesis is the widespread malaise among pregnant women who give birth to twins or children with trisomy 21. Because these have an increased HCG production.
The HCG level is particularly high in the first few weeks, because then the placenta grows. The nausea is therefore not a disease, but an unpleasant but completely normal process. Even more: Pregnant women who suffer from this malaise have fewer miscarriages on average.
Hunger, stress and fatigue increase morning sickness in pregnant women. One thesis is that the expectant mother lacks the necessary reserves of carbohydrates at night, and this causes problems with the stomach. Accordingly, the pregnant woman should definitely provide a kick with carbohydrates the evening before, for example by eating a slice of wholemeal bread. An empty stomach means low blood sugar, which in turn leads to nausea.
Help and therapy for pregnant women with morning sickness
Pregnant women cannot prevent nausea, but they can alleviate it. The following measures can help here:
- Eat several small meals instead of a few large ones. That regulates the blood sugar.
- Consume ginger, whether in food or as a tea.
- Chew nuts or oatmeal. They bind the stomach acid. Chew bananas or dried fruit for the same reason.
- If you are stressed, get sick leave sooner than usual.
- Try to get enough sleep at all times.
Morning sickness from a hangover
Anyone who has ever consumed excessive alcohol knows a hangover. The evening started out wet and happy, two glasses of beer turned into three, then four, the wine was added and the whiskey - at some point you wake up, your head is booming, your stomach is rumbling, getting up is difficult and you start the morning with aspirin and that Head over the toilet bowl.
Of course, the best way to prevent a hangover is by not drinking or just having a drink. But if you don't want to become a teetotaler, you can get the nausea in the morning under control with a few tricks.
For example, don't drink on an empty stomach. As an exception, eat something hearty with a lot of fat. Then the alcohol penetrates the blood more slowly and the level rises more slowly. Nuts, cheese or pretzel sticks also help.
Drink water every now and then. Hangover always means lack of water. If you drink water while drinking it will keep the blood flowing and prevent headaches.
Watch your cigarette consumption. Nicotine lowers the level of alcohol in the blood, giving them the illusion that they can drink more and more.
Watch out for sugar: Mulled wine, punch and many cocktails contain not only alcohol but also sugar. Sugar slows down the breakdown of acetaldehyde, a breakdown product of alcohol. This is considered to be one of the main causes of hangovers.
If the hangover is already booming in your head and you feel sick, then drink water. But stay away from carbon dioxide. This also irritates the stressed stomach. Fruit spritzers and herbal teas are also suitable as they bring additional nutrients to the organism.
Open the windows and take a deep breath. Move even when it is difficult. Physical activity gets the blood moving and the body begins to regenerate.
Eat rollmops. It is full of minerals, pretzel sticks give the weakened body the salt back. Drink tomato or sauerkraut juice.
For more tips, see: Home Remedies For A Hangover.
Why do children complain of morning sickness?
Children and adolescents often go through phases when they feel bad in the morning. Often this has to do with growth. If children grow quickly, this often leads to low blood pressure, which in turn leads to a lack of oxygen in the brain.
This problem is often most pronounced in the morning because the children move from one state, lying down, to another, standing. If you move abruptly, low blood pressure can cause nausea, dizziness, collapse, and fainting.
Such a circulatory weakness is also shown by a host of other symptoms: exhaustion, paleness, feelings of cold, numbness in the limbs, problems concentrating and over-sensitivity to the weather.
It is typical that the symptoms start when you get up in the morning and not when the person concerned is still lying quietly in bed. Stand up and their eyes will flicker and their stomachs will go flat. Those affected should drink plenty of water, or tea. Exercise in the fresh air also helps raise blood pressure. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)
Author and source information
This text complies with the requirements of specialist medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical professionals.
- Casper Roenneberg et al .: S3 guideline "Functional body complaints", German College for Psychosomatic Medicine (DKPM), German Society for Psychosomatic Medicine and Medical Psychotherapy e.V. (DGPM), (accessed on 09.09.2019), AWMF
- Jürgen Stein, Till Wehrmann: Functional diagnostics in gastroenterology, Springer Verlag, 2nd edition 2006
- Rainer Schaefert et al .: Non-specific, functional and somatoform somatic complaints, Dtsch Arztebl Int 2012; 109 (47): 803-13; DOI: 10.3238 / arztebl.2012.0803, (accessed on 09.09.2019), aerzteblatt
- Monique Weissenberger-Leduc: Nausea and Vomitio - Nausea and Vomiting, in Handbook of Palliative Care, Springer Verlag, 4th edition, 2008
- Norton J. Greenberger: Nausea and Vomiting, MSD Manual, (accessed 09.09.2019), MSD
- H. R. Koelz, P. G. Lankisch, S. Müller-Lissner: Fibel der gastrointestinalen Leitsymptome, Springer Verlag, 1995
This article is for general guidance only and is not intended to be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.
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