How i learn languages ​​polyglot english dmitry

Learning languages: 5 methods, 5 tips and 3 pitfalls

Learn languages ​​- the right way!

The next trip is being planned, you want to train yourself for the job or have made a nice acquaintance on vacation, but so far only communicated with gestures and the context - there are many possible motives for learning a language. But it can happen that you don't know exactly how to go about it. Especially if you haven't learned a language for a long time or have never had to. Should I take a language course? Or better just buy a book? Maybe it would be advisable to hire a private teacher? The options are numerous. Above all, however, it is important to find a way that suits you so that you can enjoy yourself.

Learning languages ​​- distance courses vs. (web) apps vs. audio books

Our following methods and tips make learning languages ​​easier, but it always remains a time-consuming challenge. Nowadays there are many ways to learn a new foreign language. In the past, adults mainly learned a new language at adult education centers or in stationary courses offered by private educational providers. Disadvantages: The learners have to adhere to a rigid course schedule and a fixed learning pace.

Learning languages: distance learning vs. online courses

An alternative are Correspondence courses, for example that of Germany's largest correspondence school ILS. The members get “classic” teaching material such as study books and language CDs sent home and can learn at their own pace, but there are also online opportunities for exchange with a course teacher and other participants. There are numerous courses to choose from, each lasting around 15 months and leading to a certificate, which can also be of great benefit when looking for a job.

Another option are (Web) apps like that of the market leader Babbel, where currently 14 languages ​​can be learned at various levels. The Internet browser and smartphone apps serve as learning surfaces, interaction is a top priority and playful elements are intended to keep motivation up. Even if language learning here is predominantly self-paced and does not result in a recognized qualification, Babbel also offers the opportunity to exchange ideas with other learners - including a matching option for language tandem partners online.

To learn a new language, you should come into contact with it as much as possible. An ideal way to do this is to use audio books that can be heard on the way to work as well as on the couch at home in the evening Audible In addition to thousands of readings in foreign languages, there are also numerous dedicated ones Language learning audiobooks, in which, for example, read-in vocabulary is linked to music (audio book series “Learning with Music”).

There can be no general recommendation for a specific way of learning a language. The learner types and, last but not least, the specific life situations are too different - one person regularly has time in the evenings for courses, the other sits on commuter trains for several hours a day and wants to learn a new language here.

We encourage learners to try all three ways for free. The ILS offers free information material, and Babbel also offers learners a non-binding test phase (and then only has to pay a very fair 4.95 euros per month). At Audible, an audio book of your choice is free of charge as part of a 30-day free trial period.

5 ways to learn a language

All types of language learning are based on different methods. And they are based on various initial theses.

1. Learner types

An initial assumption is that everyone learns better in a different way. Depending on whether you are an auditory, visual, communicative or motor learner, you should choose the course offer accordingly. For example, if you are an auditory learner, you cannot just quietly poke around from a textbook. Anyone who, as a visual type, has to see a language written in order to understand it should not only practice conversational exercises.

2. Learn languages ​​by speaking

Learn languages ​​by speaking

This approach to teaching foreign languages ​​can be seen as the opposite of the classic method. The method was mainly used to learn classical languages. The aim was to be able to understand and translate Latin or ancient Greek texts by learning and using grammatical rules. The method that focuses on speaking, on the other hand, promotes communicative skills in modern languages.

3. Communicative method

Here, learners should get a feel for the target language, such as in conversations in the foreign language with native speakers. Communication among the learners in the group is also promoted with this approach, for example by explaining vocabulary to each other. In addition, the teacher explains the grammar.

4. Birkenbihl method

This approach assumes that the best way to learn like a child is by listening to speakers of the target language and mimicking them. That way you would automatically correct yourself if you made mistakes. Language courses in a group that primarily teaches speaking are rejected by this method. Because because learning languages ​​according to this approach is done by imitation, one would also learn the mistakes of the other students. The strong emphasis on the auditory learning path is also evident in the choice of teaching medium: audio CDs are primarily used here.

5. Mix of methods

In order to be able to master the four areas of listening, understanding, reading and writing a language, the method mix approach assumes that you have to use different learning methods and the weighting should not be too one-sided.

5 tips & tricks for learning languages

1. Learn vocabulary with the five-subject system

Our brain has different memory stages that information has to go through before we can memorize it permanently. In this way, the brain quickly sifts through useless information so that it can focus on the essentials. The five-subject system converts this knowledge into a learning trick. To do this, you write the vocabulary on index cards and tinker or buy a box that is divided into five compartments. Every time the word is learned, it moves on to one subject. After the fifth subject, the word should have landed in long-term memory. The method was developed by the publicist Sebastian Leitner in 1973.

2. Learn whole sentences

In order to use new words properly later, learners should learn new vocabulary in full sentences. This prevents the word from being memorized but being used incorrectly afterwards. When communicating, it is also important to be idiomatically correct. This means that some sentences may be correct, but are not used in the language at all. Depending on the formulation, some words can also create unwanted associations. One counteracts this by learning whole sentences or formulations. Studies have also shown that children learn whole sentences when they first learn a language and only later understand that these are individual words. A monolingual (online) dictionary can help to find sentences in which the word is used correctly.

3. Linking words

The mental lexicon, the way the brain remembers words, is structured like a network. The more connections there are to a word, the more likely it is that it can be called up in a communication situation. These can be memories, feelings or images. You should therefore trust yourself to make mistakes: A mistake can lead to (funny) situations or conversations about the word or phrase in question. This means that we can remember it better the next time.

4. Create input

The brain can continue to ingest things the same way a small child can throughout life if it is fed. Therefore you should surround yourself as much as possible with the language you want to learn. These can be online newspaper articles, films, series or radio reports from international stations. Listening to music and dealing with the texts can also offer a good opportunity to learn languages.

5. Make the limbic system positive

If you deal with things in the target language that are fun anyway, there is a positive side effect. The limbic system rewards the learner and thus promotes learning progress. Because negative feelings such as stress and frustration suppress the cooperation of the nerves and inhibit concentration.

3 pitfalls in learning a language

Pitfalls in learning a language

Anyone who has already signed up for a fitness studio knows what it is like: When you start, the enthusiasm is great: Everything is new and with the initial motivation you make good progress. But when the first euphoria has fizzled out and everyday life has returned, regular learning may seem a nuisance. Caution is advised here, because in order to be able to speak a language well, one should stay with it constantly so that nothing is unlearned. To stay motivated, you should keep an eye on the following pitfalls in order to counteract in time and to be able to achieve your goal:

1. Lean spells in different places

While you have to put a lot of effort into learning languages ​​with a different alphabet such as Japanese or Arabic right at the beginning, the strenuous phase in a language with a complex grammar is elsewhere. Rather, the formulation of sentences or texts can cause problems here. Other languages ​​such as English have a relatively simple grammar for German learners, but due to the rich vocabulary you only notice as an advanced learner that you still have a lot to do. It can help to find out what the difficulties of the language in question are so that you don't become demotivated. For this purpose, the teacher can be addressed specifically about the problem or a native speaker can be asked for advice. It can also be encouraging that others also have this difficulty and that you are not alone with it. When you get together with other learners and exchange ideas, you can use the opportunity to set up a study group.

2. Everyday life, an enemy of useful habits

Stress at work, little time, no more concentration left and learning vocabulary? Here it can help to divide the learning workload into small bites. So you stay tuned and it is easier to deal with the language because you don't have to get used to it again and again. Language learning apps that can be used in between or a few minutes before going to bed can help.

3. Perfectionism

If you are generally very keen to do your job very well, you may tend to want to have a perfect command of the language you are learning. But that can be quite frustrating. On the one hand, it inhibits you from just chatting away. This in turn prevents you from developing a feeling for the language and making mistakes from which you can learn.

Perfectionism makes you impatient, because no matter how much you learn, you cannot master a language overnight. The following fact can be encouraging: grammatical errors often do not affect understanding. In addition, it is almost impossible to have a perfect command of a language. Even in German you don't have as rich a vocabulary in every subject as the experts in the respective field. So you should show courage to take the gap and keep enjoying the language.

(33 votes, average: 4,42 out of 5)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.Loading ...