What does coda mean in the native language

Well-known expressions from Judaism and Yiddish #

Austrian German, especially Viennese, is rich in words from Yiddish. There are also expressions that are used in German and Austrian literature. One would hardly suspect a loan word behind some of them - think of expressions such as broke or mess.

The German word Yiddish is a relatively new made-up word. Yiddish (or idic) In Yiddish means both “Jewish” (belonging to the Jewish people and their religion) and “Yiddish” (belonging to their German-based language). In English is Yiddish 1886 in the novel Children of Gibeon of Walter Besant with the explanation that the language is a mixture of Polish, German and Hebrew.

Increased immigration of Jews from Hungary, Moravia and Bohemia to Vienna began after the revolution of 1848; In the last decade of the 19th century, residents of Galicia and Bukovina followed. Of particular importance were the constitutional law of 1867 and the interdenominational compromise of 1868, which brought full equality to the Jewish subjects of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.

In the "melting pot of Vienna", the dialect borrowed a number of words from the languages ​​of the immigrants, especially at that time, as well as from French, Italian, Czech and Hungarian. Peter Wehle In his Viennese vocabulary "Do you speak Viennese?" busy with the origin and translation of such colloquial words. Also in the "Dictionary of everyday language in Austria" by Robert Sedlacek (Vienna 2011) there are a number of examples from Yiddish and Hebrew.

A very easy-to-read introduction to the various aspects of Yiddish (family language, technical language, city dialects, etc.) can be found at:
Hans Peter Althaus, Small lexicon of German words of Yiddish origin, Beck'sche Reihe, Munich, 2006

Further sources are:
Alfred J. Kolatch, Understanding the Jewish World, marixverlag, Wiesbaden, 2005
Dieterich Collection Yiddish stories, Verlag Schibli-Doppler, Birsfeld-Basel, o.Jgg.

Aron ha-Kodesch “St. Shrine ”, wall cupboard on the Misrach wall (s. D.), In which the Torah scrolls are kept.

Aggada, Aggadic Aramaic «story»; traditionally denotes everything - non-Halachic within the oral Torah

Almemor (Arabic. "The pulpit", Hebrew "Bima") Place in the middle of the synagogue for reading the Torah.

Arbekanfes (Hebrew ArbaKanfot = "four corners") Ritually prescribed piece of clothing = small square linen bodice with "visible threads", worn under clothing (cf. "Talis Kutten").

Aron ha-kodesch "Holy shrine" for keeping the Torah scrolls in the synagogue

Ashkenazim (Ashkenaz = Germany / Northern France) Name for the East and Central European Jews with their own tradition and language (-> Yiddish) in contrast to the - Sefardim

Baal Shem (Balschemm) "Master of the (divine) name", the founder of Hasidism in Poland Israel ben Eliezer (1699-1760).

Babylonia Mesopotamian-Near Eastern great power, which at the end of the 7th century B.C. Replaced Assyria and also subjugated Judah. 596 B.C.E. Conquest of Jerusalem, destruction of the temple and deportation of the 10 tribes of Israel

Badchen (Pl. Badchonim) Fun-makers at weddings, banter and occasional poets.

Bahöö (yidd. palhe = "noise") Quarrel, confusion, excitement, noise

Baldowern (jidd. baldower = "master of the matter"), is also used: Ausbalowern

Barches (Hebrew birkas) Sabbath biscuits

Bar Mitzwe or. Bat Mitzwe »Son or daughter of duties«, celebration when the 13-year-old boy or the 12-year-old girl becomes of religious age

Barthel "show where Barthel (Breichisen) gets the must (money, 'moss')" see here

Beisl (Hebrew ha-bajit = "house") Small inn, simple restaurant

people bless (from Latin benedicere)

Bejßmedresch (Bejß Hamidrosch, Bet-ha-Midrash) Talmud. Teaching and prayer house.

Bracha, Plural brachot a short blessing said while fulfilling a - mitzvah

clipping Removal of the foreskin, a widespread custom in the Middle East, among others, which in Judaism, in contrast to the uncircumcised Philistines and in the Hellenistic-Roman period, became a central symbol of confession ("sign of the covenant")

Beth Midrash Jewish Lehrhaus; already occupied at the time of the Second Temple; developed into an important institution for Jewish learning

wealthy (yidd. betuach) trustworthy, safe, wealthy

Bima Raised pedestal in the middle of the synagogue room, symbol for the altar in the tabernacle and in the temple in Jerusalem, on which the Torah reading takes place

Bocher (yidd. bochur - Pl. bochurim) student, youth

Broche (the, pl. broches) blessings

broiges (yidd. be rojges = "in anger") quarreled.

Ark of the Covenant "Aron ha-Brith"; wooden shrine, gilded inside and outside, with a solid golden cover plate on which two golden -> cherubim stand; contains the stone federal tablets

Hanukkah (Chanekke, Hanukkah) "initiation"; Feast in memory of the restoration and rededication of the temple under Judah Makkabi in 164 B.C. Half holiday like Purim; starts on Kislew 25th (around December)

Chalaumes (to Yidd. cholom> dream <) superfluous talk, senseless stuff

Challe (Hebrew challah "cake") Braided wheat bread for the Sabbath and public holiday, called "barches" in the West.

Chammer (yidd. chamor> donkey <) donkey, rough man

Hanukkah Lamp or candlestick in which lights or candles are lit one after the other for Hanukkah (the festival of the temple consecration) for eight consecutive days

Chasen (Pl. Chasanim) Hebrew Chasan ("Overseer") prayer leader, singer, cantor.

Hasid_ (Chossid, plural Hasidim) Hebrew Hasid "the pious". Today followers of the powerful mystical-religious tendency (Hasidism) that emerged in Eastern Judaism in the 18th century, which emphasizes feeling particularly strongly compared to (talmud.) Knowledge.

Hasidism mystical-religious Jewish movement a) in the land of Israel 2nd century BC d. Z .; b) in Germany and France in the 11th-13th centuries; c) in Poland in the middle of the 18th century

Chejder (Cheder = "room") traditional Jewish elementary school; private enterprise of a Melammed (s. d.) teaching the Bible and Talmud; Visit from the 4th (5th) year of life to Barmizwe.

Chosen groom

Chuppah a) portable canopy under which the wedding ceremony will take place; b) the act of marriage itself

Chutzpah (Hebrew chuzpa, pl. chuzpen) insolence, audacity, impudence.

daitsch (datsch) belonging to the “Enlightenment”, “dressing in German” and the like (cf. “German Deluge”).

Dalles (yidd. dallus) poverty

daw (e) nen pray.

smells (from yidd. tow> good <) beautiful, happy, cheerful

Erezjißroel "Land of Israel". (from yidd. erez> earth <)

Ejruw (Hebrew, actually "association") Fencing that is drawn around a city according to certain regulations and transforms it into a "courtyard" where certain things can be done on the Sabbath (see d.), e. B. may carry a prayer book, which is otherwise strictly forbidden.

Be vinegar (Yidd. hessek> damage, loss <) to be over and over

Ezzes (yidd. eze = "advice") advice

go flutes (yidd. pleitah = "bankruptcy") get lost

Gannef (Hebrew ganab = "he stole", ganef Pl. ganovim> thief <) crook crook

Phylacteries Tfillin

Muddle (from Yiddish personal name: Mauschel) often pejorative: secret talk, secret negotiation

Gemara "Supplement" to the - Mishnah, on which it builds, which it discusses and comments further

Genisa "Treasure House", a. Repository for writings which, because of their sacred content, must not be destroyed but must be ritually buried; until this burial they are kept in the Genisa; b. especially the Cairo Genisa, which was examined by S. Schechter towards the end of the 19th century. It contains many texts and sources from the 9th to 14th centuries.

Geseire(Pl. Geseires) from yidd. gesera> Doom <: misfortune, whining

Get "Divorce letter" According to the law, divorce is only possible in a place that is on a river "with a name" (ie not on a nameless body of water).

Goi "People", in late and post-Biblical times mainly used for non-Jewish peoples (plural Goyim), finally a general term for non-Jews

Goyim naches (from yidd. goi, nachas> calm <> equickung <) Nonsense, un-Jewish pleasure

Golden soup The soup that the newlyweds eat as their first meal together after the wedding ceremony (chuppe).

Goles (Golus) Hebrew Galuth "banishment, exile"; since the destruction of the 2nd Temple. (Saying "as long as the Goles")

Bastard (yidd. schammes = "servant in the synagogue") obedient servant, also: lover, friend, "G'schamsterer"

Haggode (»Haggadah«) The story of Israel's exodus from Egypt is read aloud at the first two pesas at the Sseder table, often from elaborately decorated manuscripts.

Haberer (Hebrew chaver = "companion", "disciple"), friend, buddy

Hawdala Separation ceremony between the sacred and the profane, between Shabbadi and weekday

Hillel important rabbinical scholar, probably late 1st century Babylonia - early 2nd century d. Z. Judea; Hillel interprets the laws in a not so strict, but rather practical way.

"Hear, Israel" "Shma Yisrael", the central Jewish creed

Itzig (from Yiddish personal names: Jizchak> Isaak <) mostly as a swear word - Jew

Yeshiveh (Yeshiva) Free University for Higher Talmudic Studies;

Yeschiwe-Bocher (Bachur) Student of a yeshive. The Yeschiwe-Bochers have weekly meals with wealthy parishioners ("eat food").

YHWH Tetragram for the divine name Yahweh, which must not be pronounced and is replaced by Adonai (LORD) when reading

Yom dump truck (Yom-Kippur, Hebrew Yom ha-Kippurim = "Day of Atonements") Day of Atonement between God and man, also between man and man, on the 10th Tishri. Highest holiday with uninterrupted fasting and prayer for 24 hours. Prayers "in talis and smock"

Kabbalah "Tradition", Jewish mysticism and secret doctrine since the 12th century

Kaddish "Saint", old (aram.) (Dead) prayer. Part of the daily worship service, also a prayer that the sons say for their deceased parents (also close relatives) in the year of mourning or on the return of the day of death ("season"). Also a term for the person who speaks the K. Common since the 13th century.

Dump (from Yiddish kephar> village <), village, provincial town

Kalle (yidd. kalla> bride, daughter-in-law <) bride, lover, prostitute

kapores (Yidd. kaporah = "atonement") broken, destroyed

Kassiber, Ksiberl (yidd. kessaw = "letter") note, secret message (in prison)

Kelew Dog, mean person

Ketubba Marriage settlement

Kiddush (Kiddesch) "Sanctification". Inauguration of the Sabbath or feast day by the host with a blessing over a cup of wine ("kiddush cup", often particularly artistic).

Kippah small round cap; headgear required for men

Klezmer (Pl. Klezmorim) minstrel, musician

gap (Yiddish killuf = "bark, shell") garment

Jail (yidd. knas) imprisonment, prison

Kochem (Hebrew chochom = "the wise", Pl. chochomim) philosopher, wise man überchochmetzt

Cabbage (yidd. kol> voice, rumor <) stupid chatter, nonsense

Kohen (Pl. Kohanim) Hebrew Kohen "priest", descendant of Aaron, for whom special regulations apply. Still today has special rights and duties within the community. If a boy is born as the first child in a marriage, the father has to redeem him (according to Numbers 19, 15) by paying a priest ("Pidjon ha-Ben"). The Kojhen is not allowed to enter a house with a dead person, is not allowed to marry a divorced woman or widow, etc.

kosher (Hebrew kascher = "right") which is allowed according to the ritual regulation (opposite to meet).

Kosherat, Kaschernat (Hebrew kosher nat) food mixture

Kria the tearing of the outer garment as a sign of mourning over the death of a close relative

Bullet (Kiggel) from »Gugel« (?); Sabbath food that is already prepared on Friday and kept warm in the oven for the Sabbath.

Lozelach (Hebrew luz = "mock", leizan = "clown") jokes, jokes

Make (e) loikes (Yidd. machloike = "differences of opinion",> quarrel <) bad trade, dishonest profiteering

Magen David "David's Shield"; Symbol of Judaism since around the 16th century, today symbol of the State of Israel in the national flag

Magid ("Announced") preacher, often also traveling preacher (speaker).

Quirk (from yidd. makko> blow, push <) Tick, mistake

Maloche (jidd. melocho> work, work <), hard work (malochen - from jidd. melochnen)

Mammeloschen (yidd. mame; loschon> tongue, speech <) the native language Yiddish

Ma (s) sel, Masen (yidd. masol = "star, lucky star") (undeserved) happiness

Maseltow (Masseltow = "Good luck!") General congratulatory formula.

Maukes, Caucasus (Hebrew mocho = "he has wiped out") dead

Fraud secret meeting to the detriment of third parties

Matzo (Mazza, Pl. Mazzes, Mazzot) flat Passover bread, unleavened in memory of the hasty exodus from Egypt. Every year a piece of matzo is kept and kept in a visible place "in memory" until the next Passover (Pejssach) ("Gedächtnismazze").

Mazzes Island Vienna's 2nd district Leopoldstadt (across the Danube Canal)

Titmouse (yidd. maase) superfluous talk, "having a titmouse" - be out of your mind

Melammed (Pl. Melamedim) teacher in Chejder (elementary school); must be married.

Menorah seven-armed candlestick based on the model of the candlestick in the 2nd temple

Messiah "Anointed one"; his arrival is expected daily by devout Jews

Meshugge (Hebrew m'schuggah = "crazy, confused") stupid, crazy

Mezuzah "Doorpost"; (Plural mezuzot) the capsule struck on the door post of a Jewish house with a roll of parchment on which the text from Deuteronomy 6: 4-9 and 11, 13-21 is written

mewulwe (l) (yidd. mewulbel sein -> be confused <) confused

Mez (z) ie (Yidd. mezio = "Fund") cheap purchase

Midrash (Hebrew "research") Plural Midrashim Interpretation of the Old Testament according to the rules of the Jewish scribes.

bad (Hebrew miuss = "nasty") bad, disgusting - lousy: minus amount, deficit.

Mikveh (yidd. (water) collection), ritual immersion bath for Jewish women, in every Jewish community since the earliest times.

milkdi (n) g came into contact with milky food - opposite: meat di (n) g

Minjen (Hebrew Minjan "number", Pl. Minjanim) Ten number of Jews of legal age, which is prescribed as a minimum number for holding a fully valid congregational prayer.

Mishnah ("Repetition") The "oral" teaching, given at the same time as the written teaching (Torah) and transmitted orally. Record completed around AD 200. - Forms the Talmud together with Gemure (Gemara).

Misrach (Sunrise, east) This direction has a special meaning for the Jews because Israel is located there. The synagogues are built in this direction. For this reason, the seats on the »Misrachwand« in the synagogue (Schul) are particularly valued and dearly paid for. A painted plaque with the inscription "Misrach" is often put up in the apartments to show the person praying the direction to Jerusalem.

Mixed period (Hebrew mischpaha = "family") family, relatives.

Mitzwe (Mitzvah "commandment") divine commandment, godly work. The first Mitzwe of the Holy Scriptures "Be fruitful and multiply!", Hence the duty to marry, promotion of marriages.

Moire (yidd.mora> fear

Mohel a professional who performs the circumcision of the eight-day-old boy on behalf of the father

moss (yidd. moo> pfenning money <) money

Nafke (Yidd. prostitute, lady in a card game) prostitute

besides Jewish affirmation particle, expression of compassion. As a noun: clumsy person

Nebulous (yidd. bocher = "bachelor") clumsy type, non-expert.

Ner tamid "Eternal light" that used to burn uninterruptedly in the temple, today in the synagogue

Nudnik Boring (from Russian nudnyi - laborious)

parwe Food that is neither meaty nor milky and can be eaten together with both

Pee (Pl. Peies, Hebrew peos "corners"), Peikeles, temple lock; not to be circumcised according to old Jewish custom.

Pejssach (Passover "passing") Passover, Easter. Seven-day, in the Diaqspora eight-day (14-21 Nissan) commemorative festival of the exodus of the Jews from Egypt after the angel of death had "passed" by the Jewish houses. As a reminder of the unleavened bread of the Jews who hastily set out from Egypt, only unleavened "mazzes" (see d.) May be eaten. Banquet »Seder« (see d.).

Passover Haggadah Story of the Exodus from Egypt, which is read on the Seder evening at Passover

Pledges (jidd. plejderen = "to flee") drive fast.

broke (yidd. plejtah = "rescue", "escape") bankruptcy.

Pofel (Yiddish bafel = "inferior stuff") Trash.

Ponem (yidd. pono, pl. ponim = "face") face.

Purim ("Lose") festival of joy; Remembrance of the salvation of the Jews from the extermination by the Persian minister Haman at the time of Xerxes (on Adar 14 = February, corresponds to Shrovetide). Purim gifts ("Schlachmones"), pastries ("Hamantaschen"). Reading of the Esther roll (»Megille«).

rabbi "My teacher, master"; Honorary title for lawyers during the Talmud period; in Babylon Raw

rabbi Lawyer employed by the community, common in European communities since the Middle Ages

Junk (rabbinical ramma uth = fraud) cheap, worthless goods.

Reb Honorary title for educated, pious or even just older men (see "Row").

Rebach (Yidd. rewach = "expansion, profit") commercial profit.

Rebbe hasid. Leader (tzaddik), often also used for Melammed.

Rebbezen (yidd: Rebbezin) The wife of a rabbi.

Roscheschune (Rosh-has-Shana "beginning of the year") Jewish New Year festival (on 1st and 2nd Tishri = autumn); celebrated as a very serious feast with very long penitential prayers (in "Kittel und Häubel").

Row (Pl. Rabbonim) title of scribe, official community rabbi; Salutation "Rabbi" ("my lord").

Sabbath (Shabbes, Hebrew Shabbat "rest") Seventh day of the week; Rest day with very strict rules about avoiding any work. (Non-Jews = "Schabbesgoj" do essential activities). Greeting "Gut Schabbes!"

Sandler (Hebrew zandik = "day thief") work-shy vagabond.

Schabbes (yidd. schabbos> day of rest, sabbath <) sabbath

Schabbes-Goy Gentile who takes on activities forbidden for Jews on Shabbath, e.g. lighting a light ;; Schabbesgoje - Gentile woman, maid on the Sabbath

Haggle (Hebrew sahar = "traveling trader") to act.

Damsel (Pl. Schadchonim) marriage broker (Hebrew Schadehen "He who talks well" - to "Schidduch" = game).

Schächter (from jidd. schochen) The community official, the animals according to the rules of the Jewish. Ritual law slaughters.

Shame (Pl. Shamossim, Hebrew Shamasch) servant, synagogue servant

Schegez Christian boy, friend of Schickse, swear word for Jewish lads

Parting Wig Married Jewish women are not allowed to show their own hair and therefore wear wigs.

fancier (Hebrew sikkor = "intoxicated") drunk.

Send it Gentile girl, slut,

Schiwe sit (from yidd. schiwo> seven <) sit on low chairs and hold a week of mourning

Schlackenschammes, Schlattenschammes - corruptions of the Yiddish / Hebrew term "Schliach Schammes" (literally: skillful servant), originally a term for the Christian synagogue servant who, in contrast to Orthodox Jews, could also work on the Sabbath. As Schlattenschammes, it was then used in Rothwelschen as a term for the prison calamity factor and came into common usage as a derogatory term for a subordinate activity, kfm. Apprentice, coffee lover

mess (Yidd. schlimm-masol = "Bad star, bad star, no luck") Mishap, confused situation

Sloppiness awkward, confused situation (Viennese)

Schlemiel, Schlemihl Unlucky fellow, unlucky fellow

Shema Yissroel, Shema Israel, "Hear Israel" ("He our God, He is One"); the most sacred creed of the Jews. Is spoken as the last thing before death or spoken to the dying person; Exclamation of astonishment, shock, affirmation.

Shameful (yidd. schema = "narration") Gag, punch line, bragging

Keep cave (Hebrew Schemira = "guard") to play the guardian of a crime

Schmattes (Yiddish schmattes = "scraps") Tip, money, bribe.

Schmonzes (Hebrew shemouth = "rumor") Talking around, stupid excuse.

Schmonzes Maronzes, Schmonzes Berjonzes Exaggeration, meaningless words

Schmonzette literary trifles, newspaper articles

Schmu illicit profit, fraud

Cuddle (Yiddish. cuddle = "make empty speeches") useless talk, gossip

Scroungers Wandering beggar Jew, very thrifty person

schofel (Hebrew safal = "low", "mean") shabby.

Schofer (Schejfer, Hebrew Schofar) hollowed out, curved horn of a ram or an antelope, the tip of which is shaped into a simple mouthpiece. Shofar blowing begins in the month of El-lul (except Shabbath) and takes place on New Year's Day and at the end of the Day of Atonement.

Scholem (Shalom) "Alejchem!" "Peace be upon you!" Greetings for the arrival of strangers or travelers.

Shtetl (Pl. Schtetlech) Dorf, small provincial town in old Eastern Europe

School (Schil) Name of the synagogue. School for men and women are separated.

Seder (Sejder, "order") The order for the family celebration connected with a plethora of ceremonies and symbolic meals on the first two Pejssach evenings. participants are required to drink four glasses of wine. The father of the family reads the "Haggode" (see d.). The prophet Elias is constantly expected (Elias cup, open door).

Sefardim from Sfarad = Spain; Jews of Spanish-Portuguese origin, in contrast to the - »Ashkenazim

Septuagint Greek translation of the Bible by the Jews in Egypt, since 250 BC d. Z. originated

Zohar (Glanz) The main work of Kabbalah, the mystical teaching of Judaism (probably originated in the 13th century).

Streimel (Pl. Streimlach) wide fur hat that was worn by clergymen, in some parts of Eastern Europe and today in Israel also by all men, on the Sabbath and on feast days.

Shit (Hebrew stuth = "nonsense", Pl. Stussem) nonsense, stupid prank.

Sukkah 1st Mishnah order; 2. Tabernacle, in which Jews live during the seven-day, eight-day festival of tabernacles in the Diaspora

Sukkot Seven-day festival, eight-day in the Diaspora, see above, to commemorate the migration of the Israelites through the desert

synagogue (Greek) a. "Place of the meeting", b. »Place of Prayer«, c) »Lehrhaus«

Tach (s) les (Yidd. tachlit = "negotiation") Business, essentials, e.g. in: "Tachles talk".

pocket table informal for: touching the essentials

Taigatzen (jidd. de agah = "worry") to talk about something, also: "taigetzen".

Tallis (Hebrew Tallit, "prayer shawl") a square, white throw made of wool or silk with peep threads at the corners, which is pulled over the head by the Jews for morning prayers and during solemn ceremonies. (= Large talis »Tallit gadol«).

Talmud "Learning, teaching, studying" Compendium of the orally transmitted teaching (interpretation) of the Mosaic Law, completed around 500 AD. Includes Mishnah and Gemara ("Gemure", therefore often just called "G").

Pocketable Jewish holiday custom on the day after Rosh-Ha-Shana: the believers go to a body of water (stream, river, lake, sea, well or spring) as soon as possible before sunset, shake off their clothes and throw all the crumbs in their pockets are in the water, symbolically sinking the sins that have been shaken off.

Tate Father. Pet form: Tateleben

Tefillin (Tefillen) phylacteries, put on the forehead and bare left upper arm by adult Jews when performing the morning prayer (hence "lay tfillin"); Contain four Bible verses in boxes as a symbol that the Jew in literal fulfillment of the commandment (Exodus X3, 9) is devoted to the Creator with heart and hand. "Tfillin bags".

Torah (Toire) "Doctrine" Mosaic Doctrine = five books of Moses (Pentateuch), written on scrolls (Megille) for worship use, which are kept in the Aron ha-Kodesch (see d.)

Torah shrine (Aron ha-kodesch); Cupboard or architecturally designed niche with cupboard for storing the Torah scrolls in the synagogue

Tinnef (Yidd. tinneph> Kot, Unflat <) bad quality, worthless stuff, nonsense

Tishri First month of the jew. Calendar, roughly corresponding to September-October.

Toches (yidd. tachat = "below") buttocks.

meet, meet (Yidd. trepho> unclean <) unclean, denomination for unkosher things, not just food

Chali (yidd. challa = "sacrificial cake dough") lost, disappeared e.g. in: "it went chali"

Czechs (lifts. schochar = "drink") drink, Czech, Tschocherl = small inn, pub.

Überchochmezen (Hebrew chacham = "the wise") to tinker, overkill, overchochmetzt: exaggerated, incomprehensible.

unaffected mindless, tasteless;

Untam clumsy, awkward person

screw up spoil, thwart

Wandering after death According to the jew. Folk beliefs wander the jew. Dead after burial underground to Jerusalem.

Tzaddik ("Righteous") Miraculous Rabbi (Rebbe) of the Hasidim. Designation according to place of residence; z. Sadagor Rebbe.

Zion a) the mountain on which the temple in Jerusalem stood; b) symbolic of Jerusalem and the land of Israel

Zizith, Plural Zizijot »shop threads« attached to the - »tallith

gamble (yidd. zchoken> play, joke <) play games of chance

Zoff (yidd. soph> end <) Trouble, quarrel

Zores (Hebrew zoroth = "worries") Problems, difficulties, anger