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Inflammation of the stomach lining: recognizing gastritis symptoms

Stomach pain, a feeling of fullness or a bloated stomach can be signs of an inflammation of the lining of the stomach, also called gastritis.You should therefore not hesitate too long before going to the doctor. We explain what patients can do.

There are many causes of gastritis. So that the complaints can be treated in a targeted manner, those affected must closely monitor their symptoms, diet and lifestyle habits.

Acute and chronic gastritis

Doctors differentiate between the acute and chronic forms of gastric mucosal inflammation.

While the symptoms can be severe in the acute form, chronic stomach inflammation often begins insidiously without any discomfort.

Symptoms:

Heartburn can also be a sign

In addition to the symptoms mentioned, nausea, heartburn, belching, or loss of appetite can also indicate gastritis.

If the inflammation lasts longer, stomach ulcers or injuries to the stomach wall are possible consequences, according to the patient information page www.gesundheitsinformation.de.

Detailed:Heartburn: The acid attack from the stomach

Causes:

Alcohol and pain medication can trigger gastritis

There are several types of chronic gastritis that can be diagnosed. Type A is based on an autoimmune disease. In type B, the most common form, so-called Helicobacter pylori bacteria caused the inflammation, which is usually noticeable as frequent heartburn. Type C threatens with food poisoning, excessive alcohol and tobacco consumption or when certain medications (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, NSAIDs) are not tolerated. Types D and R are less common.

Excessive alcohol and coffee consumption, as well as acidic juices, generally affect the stomach. Smoking, stress, and foods that are high in fat, sugar or spicy can exacerbate the symptoms of gastritis.

Therapy:

A stomach-friendly lifestyle prevents

It can help those affected to change their lifestyle: stop smoking, refrain from alcohol, relax and change their diet. Before changing your eating habits, pay close attention to which foods are causing you symptoms such as nausea or pressure. A food intolerance may also come to light, which must be treated separately.

Switch your diet to many small meals

All easily digestible, medium-temperature, low-fat and mildly seasoned dishes are generally stomach-friendly. Stone fruit, cabbage, legumes, onion plants and fatty meat are usually poorly tolerated by gastritis patients. It is also important to be careful when seasoning: Instead of large amounts of salt and pepper, herbs are recommended so that the food does not taste bland. In addition, gastritis patients prefer to eat several small meals instead of filling their stomach twice a day. This makes digestion easier and reduces gastric acid production. Even those who chew thoroughly are good for their stomachs. Fast meals or fast food on the go are therefore taboo with gastritis.

Home remedies: Porridge gently relieves discomfort

If you do not want to treat your stomach ailment immediately with medication, you should first try using home remedies. In the case of acute gastritis, oat gruel is a good choice, which lines the stomach and thus calms the mucous membrane. Pour a handful of oat flakes with a little boiled, still warm water and allow to swell while stirring. A pinch of vegetable broth gives the porridge taste and supplies the body with beneficial minerals. Milk and sugar are taboo in acute gastritis, as the stomach could react even more with pain. Porridge is also a tried and tested home remedy for patients with chronic gastritis, for example as a regular breakfast with low-acid fruit.

When consumed as a vegetable, cabbage usually causes discomfort, but as a juice it is a tried and tested home remedy. This can be bought in the store or pressed yourself at home. The amino acids contained in it promote the healing of the inflamed gastric mucosa. If cabbage juice is too special for you, drink tea made from chamomile, caraway or fennel.

Medication: Doctors treat with acid blockers

If that is not enough, type A, in particular, is treated with acid-inhibiting drugs. If type B is present, i.e. a bacterial infection, those affected are also given antibiotics. With type C, the treatment starts directly at the cause: The trigger of gastric mucosal inflammation, such as certain drugs or luxury foods, must be consistently avoided by the patient.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.