How was King Polybius supposed to die?

Bach Cantata Translations

  Oratorio for Good Friday

First part

Choir
Lord our ruler, whose glory
Is glorious in all lands!
Show us through your passion
That you, the true Son of God,
At all times
Even in the greatest humility
Have been glorified!

Part One

Chorus
Lord, our ruler, Whose fame
In every land is glorious!
Show us, through Your passion,
That You, the true Son of God,
Through all time,
Even in the greatest humiliation,
Have become transfigured!

2a. evangelist
Jesus walked with his disciples across the Kidron stream, there was a garden in which Jesus and his disciples walked. But Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, for Jesus often gathered there with his disciples. When Judas had taken the company and the high priests and Pharisees servants, he came there with fans, lamps and weapons. When Jesus knew all that was to happen to him, he went out and said to them:

Jesus
Who are you looking for?

evangelist
They answered him:

2 B. Choir
Jesus of Nazareth.

2c. evangelist
Jesus said to them:

Jesus
It's me.

evangelist
But Judas, who betrayed him, also stood with them. When Jesus said to them, “It is I, they fell back and fell to the ground. Then he asked her again: Jesus
Who are you looking for?

evangelist
But they said:

2d. Choir
Jesus of Nazareth.

2e. evangelist
Jesus replied:

Jesus
I told you that it was me, if you are looking for me, let them go!2a. evangelist
Jesus went with His disciples over the brook Cedron, where there was a garden, into which Jesus entered with His disciples. Judas, however, who betrayed Him, also knew the place, for Jesus often met there with His disciples. Now Judas, having gathered a band of servants of the high prices and Pharisees, came there with torches, lamps, and weapons. Now Jesus, knowing all that would happen to Him, went out and said to them:

Jesus
Whom do you seek?

evangelist
They answered Him:

2 B. Chorus
Jesus of Nazareth.

2c. evangelist
Jesus said to them:

Jesus
I am he.

evangelist
Judas, however, who betrayed Him, stood also with them. Now when Jesus said to them: I am He, they drew back and fell to the ground. Then He asked them again:

Jesus
Whom do you seek?

evangelist
They said, however:

2d. Chorus
Jesus of Nazareth.

2e. evangelist
Jesus answered:

Jesus
I have told you, that I am He, if you seek Me, then let these go!3rd chorale
O great love, oh love without measure,
That brought you to this street of torture!
I lived with the world in lust and joys,
And you have to suffer.
("Dearest Jesus, what have you done wrong," verse 7)
3. Chorals
O great love, o love beyond measure,
that brought You to this path of martyrdom!
I lived with the world in delight and joy,
and You had to suffer.

4a. evangelist
That the word he said might be fulfilled: I have not lost anything you gave me. Then Simon Peter had a sword and drew it and struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear; and the servant's name was Malchus. Then Jesus said to Petro:

Jesus
Put your sword in its scabbard! Shouldn't I drink the cup my father gave me?

4a. evangelist
So that the word might be fulfilled, which He spoke: "I have lost none that You have given to me." Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it out and struck at the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear; and the servant's name was Malchus. Then Jesus said to Peter:

Jesus

Put your sword in its sheath! Shall I not drink the cup, which My Father has given to Me?5. Chorale
Your will be done, Lord God, at the same time
On earth as in heaven.
Give us patience in times of suffering
To be obedient in love and sorrow;
Defend and control all flesh and blood,
Doing that against your will!
("Our Father in the Kingdom of Heaven," verse 4)
5. Chorals
Your will be done, Lord God, likewise
on earth as in heaven.
Grant us patience in time of sorrow,
to be obedient in love and suffering;
check and guide all flesh and blood
that acts contrary to your will!
6. Evangelist
But the crowd and the chief captain and the servants of the Jews took Jesus and bound him and brought him first to Annas, who was Caiapha's in-law, who was high priest that year. But it was Caiaphas who advised the Jews that it would be good that a man should be killed for the people.6. Evangelist
The band, however, and the captain and the servants of the Jews took Jesus and bound Him and led Him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. It was Caiaphas, however, who counseled the Jews, that it would be good for one man to be destroyed for the people.7. Aria A
From the cords of my sins
To deliver me
My salvation is bound.
Me from all the dents in the vice
To heal completely,
Does he allow himself to be wounded? 7. Aria A
To untie me
from the knots of my sins,
my Savior is bound.
To completely heal me
of all blasphemous sores,
He allows Himself to be wounded. 8. Evangelist
But Simon Peter followed Jesus and another disciple.8. Evangelist
Simon Peter however followed after Jesus with another disciple.9. Aria S.
I also follow you with joyful steps
And don't let you
My life, my light.
Promote the run
And don't stop
To pull myself, to push, to ask.
9. Aria S.
I follow you likewise with happy steps
and do not leave you,
my life, my light.
Pursue your journey,
and don't stop,
continue to draw me on, to push me, to urge me. 10. Evangelist
The same disciple was known to the high priest and went with Jesus into the high priest's palace. But Peter stood outside for the door. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and talked to the doorkeeper, and brought Peter in. The maid, the doorkeeper, said to Petro:

Maid
Are you not a disciple of this man?

evangelist
He spoke:

Peter
I'm not

evangelist
But the servants and yours stood there and had made a coal fire (because it was cold) and were warming themselves. But Peter stood by them and warmed himself. But the high priest asked Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. Jesus answered him:

Jesus
I have spoken freely, publicly for the world. I have always taught in school and in the temple when all Jews come together and I have not spoken in secret. What are you asking me about Ask those who heard what I said to them! See, they know what I have said.

evangelist
But as he was saying this, the servant who was standing by gave Jesus a blow on the cheek, saying,

servant
So should you answer the high priest?

evangelist
But Jesus answered:

Jesus
If I have spoken badly, it will prove that it is bad, but if I have spoken badly, what do you hit me?10. Evangelist
This same disciple was known to the high priest and went inside with Jesus in the high priest's palace. Peter however stood outside at the door. Then the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went outside and spoke with the girl guarding the door and brought Peter inside. Then the maid, the doorkeeper, said to Peter:

maid
Aren't you one of this man's disciples?

evangelist
He said:

Peter
I am not.

evangelist
However the soldiers and servants stood around and they had made a coal fire (for it was cold) and warmed themselves. Peter however stood with them and warmed himself. But the high priest questioned Jesus about His disciples and about His teachings. Jesus answered him:

Jesus
I have freely and openly spoken before the world. I have taught all the time in the synagogue and in the temple, where all Jews gather, and I have said nothing in secret. Why do you ask me about this? Ask those about it, who have heard what I said to them! Behold, these same people know what I have said.

evangelist
As He was saying this, however, one of the servants who stood by gave Jesus a blow on his cheek and said:

Servant
Is this how You answer the high priest?

evangelist
Jesus however answered:

Jesus
If I have spoken ill, then make it known that it is ill spoken; however if I spoke rightly, why do you strike Me?11. Chorale
Who hit you like that,
My salvation and you with plagues
So badly mixed?
You are not a sinner
Like us and our children
You do not know of wrongdoings.

Me, me and my sins
Who find each other like grains
The sand by the sea
They excited you
The misery that strikes you
And that sad host of tortures.

("O world, see your life here," verses 3 and 4)

11. Chorals
Who has struck you thus,
my Savior, and with torments
so evilly used you?
You are not at all a sinner
like us and our children,
You know nothing of transgressions.

I, I and my sins,
that can be found like the grains
of sand by the sea,
these have brought you
this misery that assails you,
and this tormenting martyrdom.

1 2a. evangelist
And Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest. Simon Peter stood and warmed himself, and said to him:

12b. Choir
Are you not one of his disciples?

12c. evangelist
But he denied it and said:

Peter
I'm not

evangelist
Said one of the servant of the high priest, a friend of the one whose son Peter had cut off:

servant
Didn't I see you in the garden with him?

evangelist
Then Peter denied it again, and immediately the cock crowed.
So Peter remembered the words of Jesus and went out and wept bitterly.
(Matthew 26:75)
12a. evangelist
And Hannas send Him bound to the high priest Caiaphas. Simon Peter stood and warmed himself when they said to him:

12b. Chorus
Aren't you one of His disciples?

12c. evangelist
He denied it however and said:

Peter
I am not.

evangelist
One of the high priest's servants, a friend of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, said:

Servant
Didn't I see you in the garden with Him?

evangelist
Then Peter denied it again, and just then the cock crew.
Then Peter recalled Jesus' words and went out and wept bitterly.

13. Aria T
Oh my mind
Where do you finally want to go
Where should I refresh myself?
I stay here
Or do I wish
Mountains and hills on your back?
There is no advice in the world
And in the heart
Stand the pain
My wrongdoing,
Because the servant has denied the master.

13. Aria T
Alas, my conscience,
where will you flee at last,
where shall I find refreshment?
Should I stay here,
or do I desire
mountain and hill at my back?
In all the world there is no counsel,
and in my heart
remains the pain
of my misdeed,
since the servant has denied the Lord.

14. Chorale
Peter who does not think back
Denies his god,
Who at a 'serious look
Weeps bitterly.
Jesus, look at me too,
If I don't want to atone
When I've done bad
Move my conscience!
("Jesus' suffering, torment and death," verse 10)
14. Chorals
Peter, who did not recollect,
denied his God,
who yet after a serious glance
wept bitterly.
Jesus, look upon me also,
when I will not repent;
when I have done evil,
stir my conscience!

Second part

15. Chorale
Christ who saves us
No evil has committed
It was for us in the night
Trapped as a thief
Guided for wicked people
And falsely sued
Laughed at, mocked and spanked,
As the Scriptures say.
("Christ, who makes us happy," verse 1)

Part Two

15. Chorals
Christ, who makes us blessed,
committed no evil deed,
for us He was taken in the night
like a thief,
led before godless people
and falsely accused,
scorned, shamed, and spat upon,
as the Scripture says.

16a. evangelist
So they brought Jesus of Caiaphas to the court of execution, and it was early. And they did not go to the courtroom so that they would not be unclean, but would like to eat Easter. So Pilate went out to them and said:

Pilate
What complaints do you bring against this person?

evangelist

They answered and said to him:

16b. Choir
If this weren't a culprit, we wouldn't have handed him over to you.

16c. evangelist
Pilate said to them:

Pilate
So you accept him and judge him according to your law!

evangelist
The Jews said to him:

16d. Choir
We are not allowed to kill anyone.

16e. evangelist
That the word of Jesus, which he said, when he indicated the death he would die, might be fulfilled. So Pilate went back into the court of justice and called Jesus and said to him:

Pilate
Are you the king of the Jews?

evangelist
Jesus replied:

Jesus
Are you talking about yourself, or did others tell you about me?

evangelist
Pilate replied:

Pilate
Am i a jew Your people and the chief priests have handed you over to me; what have you done?

evangelist
Jesus replied:

Jesus
My kingdom is not of this world; if my kingdom were of this world, my servants would fight to keep me from being handed over to the Jews; but now my kingdom is not gone. 16a. evangelist
Then they led Jesus before Caiaphas in front of the judgment hall, and it was early. And they did not go into the judgment hall, so that they would not become unclean; rather that they could partake of passover. Then Pilate came outside to them and said:

Pilate

What charge do you bring against this man?

evangelist
They answered and said to him:

16b. Chorus
If this man were not an evil-doer, we wouldn't have turned Him over to you.

16c. evangelist
Then Pilate said to them:

Pilate
Then take Him away and judge Him after your law!

evangelist
Then the Jews said to him:

16d. Chorus
We may not put anyone to death.

16e. evangelist
So that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which He spoke, where He indicated what death He would die. Then Pilate went back into the judgment hall and called Jesus and said to Him:

Pilate
Are You the King of the Jews?

evangelist
Jesus answered:

Jesus
Do you say this of yourself, or have others said this of Me?

evangelist
Pilate answered:

Pilate
Am I a Jew? Your people and the high prices have delivered You to me; what have you done?

evangelist
Jesus answered:

Jesus
My Kingdom is not of this world; if my Kingdom were of this world, my servants would fight over this, so that I would not be handed over to the Jews; now however my kingdom is not from here.17. Chorale
Oh great king, great at all times,
How can I amply spread this faithfulness?
No man's heart, however, can think of
What to give you.

I can't reach it with my senses
What to compare your mercy with.
How can I tell you your love deeds
Refund at the factory?
("Dearest Jesus, what have you broken," verses 8, 9)
17. Chorals
Ah great King, great for all times,
how can I sufficiently proclaim this love?
No human's heart, however, can conceive
of a fit offering to you.

I cannot grasp with my mind,
how to imitate your mercy.
How can I then repay Your deeds of love
with my actions?
18a. evangelist
Pilate said to him:

Pilate
Are you still a king?

evangelist
Jesus replied:

Jesus
You say i'm a king I was born and came into the world that I should beget the truth. He who is of the truth hears my voice.

evangelist
Pilate said to him:

Pilate
What is truth

evangelist
And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews and said to them:

Pilate
I find no fault in him. But you have a habit that I release one to you; did you want me to release the King of Jews to you?

evangelist
Then they all shouted again and said:

18b. Choir
Not this one, but Barrabam!

18c. evangelist
But Barrabas was a murderer. Pilate took Jesus and scourged him. 18a. evangelist
Then Pilate said to Him:

Pilate
Then you are a King?

evangelist
Jesus answered:

Jesus
You say I am a King. I was born for this, and came into the world, that I might bear witness to the Truth. Whoever is of the truth hears My voice.

evangelist
Pilate said to Him:

Pilate
What is truth?

evangelist
And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews and said to them:

Pilate
I find no fault in Him. However, you have a custom, that I release someone to you; do you wish now, that I release the King of the Jews to you?

evangelist
Then they all cried out together and said:

18b. Chorus
Not this one, but Barrabas!

18c. evangelist
Barrabas however was a murderer. Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.19. Arioso B
Behold, my soul, with anxious pleasure,
With bitter lust and a half-oppressed heart
Your greatest good in Jesus' pain,
As you stab thorns,
The cowslips bloom!
You can break a lot of sweet fruit from its wormwood
Therefore look to him without ceasing! 19. Arioso B
Contemplate, my soul, with anxious pleasure,
with bitter joy and half-constricted heart,
your highest Good in Jesus' suffering,
how for you, out of the thorns that pierce Him,
the tiny 'keys of Heaven' bloom!
You can pluck much sweet fruit
from his wormwood;
therefore gaze without pause upon Him! 20. Aria T
Consider how his blood stained back
In all pieces
Like heaven
After the water waves
Withdrawn from our deluge,
The most beautiful rainbow
As God's sign of grace it stands! 20. Aria T
Consider how His blood-stained back
in every aspect
is like Heaven,
in which, after the watery deluge
of the flood of our sins was released,
the most beautiful rainbow
as God's sign of grace was placed! 21a. evangelist
And the soldiers woven a crown of thorns, and placed it on his head, and put a purple robe on him, saying,

21b. Choir
Greetings, dear King of the Jews!

21c. evangelist
And gave him strokes on the cheek. So Pilate went out again and said to them:

Pilate
See, I am bringing him out to you so that you can see that I find no fault in him.

evangelist
So Jesus went out wearing a crown of thorns and a purple robe. And he said to them:

Pilate
See what a man!

evangelist
When the chief priests and the servants saw him, they cried out, and said,

21d. Choir
Crucify, crucify!

21e. evangelist
Pilate said to them:

Pilate
You take him and crucify him; because I find no guilt in him!

evangelist
The Jews answered him:

21f. Choir
We have a law, and according to the law he shall die; for he made himself the Son of God.

21g. evangelist
When Pilate heard the word, he was even more afraid and went back into the house of judgment and said to Jesus:

Pilate
From where are you?

evangelist
But Jesus did not answer him. Pilate said to him:

Pilate
Are you not talking to me? Don't you know that I have power to crucify you and power to set you free?

evangelist
Jesus replied:

Jesus

You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above; therefore he who has handed me over to you has a greater sin.

evangelist
From then on, Pilate sought to let go of him.21a. evangelist
And the soldiers wove a crown of thorns and set it upon His head, and laid a purple mantel on Him, and said:

21.b Chorus
Hail to You, dear King of the Jews!

21c. evangelist
And gave him blows on the cheek. Then Pilate went back outside and spoke to them:

Pilate
Behold, I bring Him out to you, so that you recognize, that I find no fault in Him.

evangelist
Then Jesus went out and wore a crown of thorns and a purple mantel. And Pilate said to them:

Pilate
Behold, what a man!

evangelist
When the high prices and servants saw Him, they screamed and said:

21d. Chorus
Crucify, crucify!

21e. evangelist
Pilate said to them:

Pilate
You take Him away and crucify Him; for I find no fault in Him!

evangelist
The Jews answered him:

21f. Chorus
We have a law, and according to that law He should die; for He has made Himself into God's Son.

21g. evangelist
When Pilate heard this, he became more afraid and went back inside to the judgment hall and said to Jesus:

Pilate
Where do you come from?

evangelist
But Jesus gave him no answer. Then Pilate said to Him:

Pilate
You don't speak to me? Don't you know that I have the power to crucify You, and the power to release You?

evangelist
Jesus answered:

Jesus
You would have no power over me, if it were not given to you from above; Therefore, he who has delivered Me to you has the greater sin.

evangelist
From then on Pilate considered how he might release Him.

22. Chorale
Through your prison, Son of God
Freedom must come to us;
Your dungeon is the mercy seat
The sanctuary of all pious;
Because if you didn’t enter into bondage,
Our bondage must be eternal.
22. Chorale
Through your prison, Son of God,
must freedom come to us;
Your cell is the throne of grace,
the sanctuary of all the righteous;
for if you had not undergone servitude,
our slavery would have been eternal.
23a. evangelist
But the Jews shouted and said:

23b. Choir
If you let go of this, you are not the emperor's friend; for whoever makes himself king is against the emperor.

23c. evangelist
When Pilate heard the word, he brought Jesus out and sat on the judgment seat at the place that is called: Hochpflaster, but in Hebrew: Gabbatha. But it was the preparation day in Easter around the sixth hour, and he said to the Jews:

Pilate
See, this is your King!

evangelist
But they screamed:

23d. Choir
Away, away with him, crucify him!

23e. evangelist
Pilate said to them:

Pilate
Shall I crucify your king?

evangelist
The chief priests replied:

23f. Choir
We have no king but the emperor.

23g. evangelist
Then he handed him over to be crucified. But they took Jesus and led him. And he carried his cross and went out to the place called The Place of the Skull, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha.23a. evangelist
The Jews, however, screamed and said:

23b. Chorus
If you let this man go, you are not a friend of Caesar; for whoever makes himself a king is against Caesar.

23c. evangelist
When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus outside and sat upon the judgment seat, at the place that is called High Pavement, in Hebrew however: Gabbatha. But it was the Sabbath-day at Passover at the sixth hour, and he said to the Jews:

Pilate
Behold, this is your King!

evangelist
But they shrieked:

23d. Chorus
Away, away with Him, crucify Him!

23e. evangelist
Pilate said to them:

Pilate
Shall I crucify your King?

evangelist
The high prices answered:

23f. Chorus
We have no King but Caesar.

23g. evangelist
Then he delivered Him to be crucified. They took Jesus and led him away. And He carried His Cross, and went up to the place that is called the Place of the Skull, which is called in Hebrew: Golgatha.24. Aria Bb and chorus
Hurry, you troubled souls,
Go out of your torture caves,
Hurry - Where to? - to Golgotha!
Take on the wings of faith
Flee - Where to? - to the cross hill,
Your welfare flourishes there! 24. Aria B and Chorus
Hurry, you tempted souls,
come out of your caves of torment,
hurry - where? - to Golgotha!
Take up the wings of faith,
fly - where? - to the Hill of the Cross,
Your salvation blooms there! 25a. evangelist
There they crucified him, and with him two others on either side, but Jesus in the middle. But Pilate wrote a heading and put it on the cross, and it was written: "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of Jews." Many Jews read this heading because the place was near the city where Jesus was crucified. And it was written in Hebrew, Greek and Latin. The high priests of the Jews said to Pilato:

25b. Choir
Do not write: the King of Jews, but that he said: I am the King of Jews.

25c. evangelist
Pilate answers:

Pilate
What I wrote, I wrote. 25a. evangelist
There they crucified Him, and two others with Him on either side, Jesus however in the middle. Pilate however wrote a signpost and set it upon the Cross, and there was written on it: "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews." This signpost was read by many Jews, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city. And it was written in the Hebrew, Greek and Latin languages. Then the high priests of the Jews said to Pilate:

25b. Chorus
Do not write: The King of the Jews, rather that He said: I am the King of the Jews.

25c. evangelist
Pilate answered:

Pilate
What I have written, I have written.26. Chorale
In the bottom of my heart
Your name and cross alone
All time and hour sparkles
I can be happy about that.
Appear to me in the picture
As a consolation in my distress,
As you, Mr. Christ, so mildly
You bled to death!
("I want to give you valet," verse 3)
26. Chorals
In the bottom of my heart
Your name and cross alone
sparkles at all times and hours,
for which I can be joyful.
Shine forth for me in that image
as comfort in my need,
how You, Lord Christ, so gently
bled to death!
27a. evangelist
But the soldiers, after they had crucified Jesus, took his clothes and made four parts, each soldier's part, and also the coat. The skirt, however, was unsewn, worked through and through from the top. They said to one another:

27b. Choir
Let us not divide it up, but let us loose what it should be.

27c. evangelist
So that the scripture would be fulfilled, which says: "They have divided my clothes among themselves and have cast lots on my skirt." The soldiers did such a thing. But at the cross of Jesus stood his mother and his mother's sister, Mary, Cleopha's wife, and Mary Magdalene. Now that Jesus saw his mother and the disciple he loved standing by, he said to his mother:

Jesus
Woman, see, this is your son!

evangelist
Then he said to the disciple:

Jesus
See, this is your mother!27a. evangelist
The soldiers however, that had crucified Jesus, took His clothing and made four parts, one part for each soldier, the same also with His robe. The robe, however, had no seam, being woven from top to bottom. Then they said to each other:

27b. Chorus
Let's not divide this, rather let's toss for it, to see whose it will be.

27c. evangelist
So that the Scripture might be fulfilled, which says: "They have divided my clothing among themselves and have cast lots over my robe." These things the soldiers did. However there stood by Jesus' Cross His mother and His mother's sister, Mary, the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. Now when Jesus saw His mother and the disciple standing near, whom He loved, He said to His mother:

Jesus
Woman, behold, this is your son!

evangelist
Afterwards He said to the disciple:

Jesus
Behold, this is your mother!28. Chorale
He was well aware of everything
In the last hour,
His mother still thinking
Set up a guardian.
O man, do right,
Love God and people,
Die thereupon without all sorrow,
And don't grieve you!
("Jesus' suffering, torment and death," verse 20
>)

28. Chorals
He took good care of everything
in the last hour,
still thinking of His mother,
He provided a guardian for her.
O mankind, do justice,
love God and humanity,
die without any sorrow,
and do not be troubled!

29. Evangelist
And from that moment on the disciple took her to him. Then, when Jesus knew that everything was already done, that the scriptures would be fulfilled, he said:

Jesus
I'm thirsty!

evangelist
There was a vessel full of vinegar. But they filled a sponge with vinegar, put it around an isope, and healed it to his mouth. When Jesus had taken the vinegar, he said:

Jesus
It is finished!29. Evangelist
And from that hour the disciple took her to himself. Afterwards, when Jesus knew that everything was already accomplished, so that the Scripture might be fulfilled, He said:

Jesus
I thirst!

evangelist
There was a vessel full of vinegar. They filled a sponge with vinegar and placed it on a hyssop, and held it directly to His mouth. Now when Jesus had taken the vinegar, He said:

Jesus
It is finished! > 30. Aria A
It is finished!
O consolation before the offended souls!
The night of mourning
Now lets count the last hour.
The hero from Judah wins with might
And closes the fight.
It is finished! 30. Aria A
It is finished!
O comfort for the ailing soul!
The night of sorrow
now measures out its last hour.
The hero out of Judah conquers with might
and concludes the battle.
It is finished! 31. Evangelist
And bow your head and pass away.31. Evangelist
And bowed His head and departed.32. Aria Bb and choir
My dear savior, let me ask you
Since you are now crucified
And even said: It is done
Am I made free from dying?
I can through your pain and death
Inheriting the kingdom of heaven?
Is there redemption for all the world?
You can't say anything because of the pain;
Yet bow your head
And speak in silence: yes.

  Jesus who were dead
Live now without end
In the last distress
Nowhere to turn
Than to you who atone for me
O dear lord!
Just give me what you deserve
I do not want more!
  
("Jesus' suffering, torment and death," last verse) 32. Aria B and Chorus
My precious Savior, let me ask,
Now that you have been nailed to the cross
and have said yourself: It is finished,
Am I made free from death?
Can I, through your pain and death
inherit the kingdom of heaven?
Has the redemption of the whole world arrived?
You cannot say a single thing out of pain;
yet you bow your head
and say silently: yes.

Jesus, You, who were dead,
live now unendingly,
in the last pangs of death
I will turn nowhere else
but to You, who has absolved me,
O beloved lord!
Only give me what You earned,
more I do not desire!
33. Evangelist
And lo and behold, the curtain in the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. And the earth trembled, and the rocks were torn, and the graves were opened, and stood on many bodies of the saints.
(Matthew 27: 51-52)
33. Evangelist
And behold, the curtain in the temple was torn in two pieces from top to bottom. And the earth shook, and the cliffs were rent, and the graves opened up, and many bodies of saints arose.34. Arioso T
My heart in which the whole world
In the suffering of Jesus likewise suffers,
The sun dresses in mourning
The curtain is tearing, the rock is falling apart
The earth shakes, the graves split,
Because they see the Creator grow cold
What do you want to do in your place? 34. Arioso T
My heart - while the entire world
with Jesus' suffering likewise suffers;
the sun drapes itself in mourning,
the curtain is rent, the crag crumbles,
the earth trembles, the graves split open,
since they behold the Creator growing cold;
- how shall you react from your depths? 35. Aria S.
Wear yourself, my heart, in the floods of the tears
In honor of the Most High!
Tell the world and heaven the hardship:
Your Jesus is dead! 35. Aria S.
Dissolve, my heart, in floods of tears
to honor the highest!
Tell the world and heaven the anguish:
Your Jesus is dead! 36. Evangelist
The Jews, however, while it was the day of preparation, so that the corpses on the cross would not remain over the Sabbath (because that Sabbath day was very large), they asked Pilate that their legs would be broken and that they would be removed. Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, seeing that he was already dead, they did not break his legs; but one of the soldiers opened his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. And he who has seen this has testified, and his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth, that you may believe. For this happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: "You shall not break his leg." And again another script speaks: "You will see in which one you stung."36. Evangelist
The Jews however, since it was the Sabbath day, so that the corpses would not remain on their crosses over the Sabbath (for this particular Sabbath day was very great), asked Pilate for their bones to be broken and that they be taken away. So the soldiers came and broke the bones of the first and the other one, who had been crucified with Him. But when they came to Jesus, and they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His bones; Instead one of the soldiers opened His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. And he that saw this, bore witness to it, and his testimony is true, and this same knows that he speaks the truth so that you believe. For all this has happened in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled: "You shall break none of His bones." And in addition another Scripture says: "They will behold what they have pierced."37. Chorale
O help, Christ, the Son of God,
Through your bitter suffering
That we are always subject to you
Avoid all vice,
Your death and its cause
Consider fruitfully,
For it, though poor and weak,
Give you a sacrifice of thanks!
("Christ, who makes us happy," verse 8)
37. Chorale
O help, Christ, Son of God,
through your bitter passion,
that we, being always obedient to You,
might shun all vice,
Your death and its cause
consider fruitfully,
so that, although poor and weak,
we might offer you thanksgiving!
38. Evangelist
Pilate then asked Joseph of Arimathia, who was a disciple of Jesus (but secretly out of fear of the Jews), that he would like to remove the body of Jesus. And Pilate allowed it. So he came and took down the body of Jesus. But Nicodemus also came, who had previously come to Jesus at night, and brought myrrh and aloes together, at a hundred pounds. So they took the body of Jesus and bound him in linen cloths with spices, as the Jews are accustomed to bury. But there was a garden in the place where he was crucified, and in the garden a new grave in which no one had ever been laid. There they laid Jesus, for the sake of the Jews' preparation day, while the tomb was near.38. Evangelist
Afterwards Joseph from Arimathia, who was one of Jesus 'disciples (though secretly out of fear of the Jews), asked Pilate whether he might take away Jesus' body. And Pilate permitted it. Therefore he came and took the body of Jesus away. But Nicodemus also came, who previously had come to Jesus in the night, and brought myrrh and aloe with him in hundred-weights. Then they took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with spices, as is the Jewish custom of burial. However, there was a garden near the place where He was crucified, and in this garden a new grave, in which no one had ever been laid. In that same grave they laid Jesus, according to the Sabbath wishes of the Jews, since the grave was nearby.39th choir
Rest in peace, holy bones,
Which I now no longer cry
Rest well and bring me to rest too!
The grave, as you are determined
And furthermore does not enclose any need,
Open the sky for me and close it
Hell too. 39. Chorus
Rest well, you blessed limbs,
now I will no longer mourn you,
rest well and bring me also to peace!
The grave that is allotted to you
and encloses no further suffering,
opens heaven for me and closes off Hell. 40th chorale
Oh Lord, leave your dear little angel
In the end my soul is mine
Carry in Abraham's lap,
The body in its little bedroom
Very gentle without any torment or pain of your own
Rest until the last day!
Then awaken me from death,
That my eyes see you
In all joy, O Son of God,
My Savior and Genade Throne!
Lord Jesus Christ, hear me
I will praise you forever!
("I love you dearly, Lord," verse 3)
40. Chorale
Ah, Lord, let your dear little angel
at my final end, take my soul
to Abraham's bosom.
Let my body, in its little sleeping chamber,
absolutely softly, without any anguish or pain,
rest until the last day!
At that day wake me from death,
so that my eyes may see you
in all joy, o Son of God,
my Savior and Throne of grace!
Lord Jesus Christ, hear me,
I will praise You eternally!

John 18 and 19; Matthew 26:75 and 27: 51-52; aria texts after Barthold Heinrich Brockes, Christian Heinrich Postel, and unknown; chorales: "Dearest Jesus, what have you broken," verses 7, 8, 9, Johann Heermann, 1630 (mov'ts. 3 & 17); "Our Father in the Kingdom of Heaven," verse 4, Martin Luther, 1539 (mov't. 5); "O world, see your life here," verses 3 & 4, Paul Gerhardt, 1647 (mov't. 11); "Jesus suffering, torment and death," verses 10, 20, last, Paul Stockmann, 1633 (mov'ts. 14, 28, 32); "Christ who makes us saved," verses 1 & 8, Michael Weisse, 1531 (mov'ts. 15 and 37); C. H. Postel, 1700 (mov't. 22), "Do it with me, God, according to your kindness"; "I want to give you valet," verse 3, Valerius Herberger, 1613 (mov't. 26); "I love you dearly, oh Lord," verse 3, Martin Schalling, 1571 (mov't 40).