What do epithelial cells mean in urine

Squamous epithelium in urine: normal women. Explanation of urinalysis

The upper layer of the cells of the internal organs is called epithelial tissue. Mucosal epithelium covers the genitourinary system. In all tissues, including epithelial, is refreshing. The cells that have performed their function get torn into the urinary tract, so the traces of the epithelium are always present in the urine. Depending on the number of epithelial cells and other laboratory results, diagnosis of pathological processes in humans. In some cases, the epithelium associates increases in urine with ingestion of certain medications.

Types of epithelium

In all parts of the urinary system, the epithelial cell layer is different, its lining, have different structure. Differentiate epithelium:

  • Flat - a rounded, colorless cell of large size with a nucleus. A small amount of it in the urine of children and women is correct. If the epithelium is elevated in the urine, it is considered the presence of an infection in the body. The presence of squamous cell carcinoma epithelial cells in the urine of men indicates pathological process in the body that normally they are not. The urine of girls and women enters the cells of the vagina and urethra. Their number should not exceed ten. Otherwise, this deviation from the norm. In infants and young children up to two weeks old, the presence of squamous cells in the urine is allowed to ten.
  • The transition that cells have one or more nuclei. Shape cylindrical or rounded. This type of epithelial-lined tissue: the upper section of the urethra, ureter, renal pelvis. Usually it should contain a maximum of three cells in men, women and children. This type of epithelium is increased with kidney disease (urolithiasis, cystitis, pyelonephritis). Exclude the presence of polyps, hepatitis. In some cases, the cells contribute to improve prostate massage.
  • Kidney. This species should not be observed in the urine. A small amount of the value of the cell (10) from toddlers to months old. The presence of renal epithelium - the pathology of the renal parenchyma.

An increase in a certain type of epithelium is an important diagnostic point. The presence of inflammation in the pelvic organs, circulatory disorders and other conditions affect the epithelial layer of the mucous membranes of the urinary tract. Thus, there is a strong rejection of cells that accumulate in the urine. Determine the type of epithelium in the clinical diagnostic laboratory. The data obtained will aid in the diagnosis. Men squamous epithelium in urine, what is it? And it means the presence of inflammation in the genitourinary tract and requires immediate treatment.

How to get tested?

There are certain recommendations for taking a urine test:

  • a day before the urine collection exclude products that colored the urine (beets, carrots, citrus fruits). Limit the spices, salt. If possible, do not use diuretics and vitamins, as well as drugs that take a compound nitrofuranovye due to intense staining of urine in a saturated yellow color;
  • make hygiene of the external genital organs;
  • collect about 100 ml of morning urine (middle part) in a clean glass or plastic container;
  • will bring a container of urine to the clinical laboratory medical facility in the near future. Possible temporary storage in the refrigerator, but not more than two hours, so as not to falsify the analysis results;
  • Sampling during menstruation is not recommended, otherwise it is necessary to use a special tampon.

Failure to follow these guidelines can produce unreliable results, including the presence of epithelial tissue in the urine.

Explanation of urinalysis

An important indicator is the presence of urine in epithelial tissue. The norm is:

  • Shed epitaxial cells of small children from birth to two weeks old, girls, women from 0 to 10. The men - no.
  • Transition. For any gender or age from 2 to 3.
  • Kidney. In infants and children, until they reach months 0 to 10 in men and women, these cells are said to be absent.

Diagnosis of diseases is based on the basis of which the above cells were detected in the urine.

Squamous epithelium in the urine. Norma women exceeded: causes

Epithelial cells along the urethra, bladder, vulva therefore flaking off, enter the urine. The maximum allowable number - is ten cells in women. In atrophy of the epithelial layer, chronic administration of androgenic agents in senile epithelial cells is absent.

In the case of a weakened immune system or menstrual cycle disruption, laboratory studies often show 3 or more squamous cells.

If squamous epithelium is diagnosed in the urine and the rate in women is exceeded, then there is the presence of inflammatory processes in the female body.


Cystitis mainly affects the female population because of the particular structure of the urinary organs. When inflammation of the urinary cells of the bladder mucous membrane intensively exfoliate and fall into the urine, pathological processes in the human body contribute to the appearance of the flat epithelium in large quantities in the urine.

The symptoms of the disease:

  • frequent urination, the minimum amount of urine;
  • cloudy urine color;
  • Discomfort when urinating: odor, burning and pain;
  • severe acute pain in the abdomen;
  • possible presence of blood in the urine.

When identifying cystitis, the doctor prescribes drugs. After the treatment, the direction for a re-analysis of the urine is given. Epithelium is flat after effective therapy comes back to normal.

IgA nephropathy or Berger's disease - a pathology in which immunoglobulin A accumulates in the kidney and leads to disruption of normal function due to the development of the inflammatory process. Disease develops very slowly over the years. Symptoms of the disease in the early stages of the invisible. Diagnosed when it finds significant numbers of proteins, red blood cells, and epithelial cells.

Epithelia in children

A young child's squamous epithelium found in the urine, what does it mean? Indeed, nothing to worry about. Their presence in the urine of newborns - is the norm. In the first months of the baby's life the urinary tract is adjusting, and after a certain time the level of the epithelial cells increases until their complete absence.

When identifying is the analysis of epithelial cells after the child one year we assume inflammation in the body. Dr. Nephrologist reappointed analysis of urine and other necessary tests to make an accurate diagnosis and drug therapy.

Flat epithelium in the urine during pregnancy

A woman's body during pregnancy is subject to various infections and diseases. In order to monitor the health of future mothers throughout the period of pregnancy, prescribe appropriate types of laboratory tests, including urinalysis. Analyzing the results, pay attention to the contents of the epithelium, since its presence in the urine of pregnant women could be a signal of inflammation in the urinary tract. Renal epithelium should not be found in the urine of pregnant women. Transition - is allowed in an amount no more than one cell and flat - no more than five pieces are allowed.

What to do with increased urinary epithelium?

Too high, the number of squamous epithelium in the urine. The norm for women in the range from 0 to 10 cells, the excess of which is an inflammatory process. Women are advised to consult a urologist or gynecologist. Typically prescribed on additional types of exams: ultrasound - pelvic smear gynecology.

In conclusion, it should be noted that the detection or absence of epithelial cells in the urine is a factor that will help evaluate the condition of the person. The female population is advised to monitor their health and see a doctor immediately if squamous cell is detected in the urine. Norma women should not be exceeded.