How to inject steroids into the calf muscle

Anabolic steroids vs. cortisone injections

Medicine 2021

There is often confusion about teroids. We hear of teroids that are all badly tackled by athletes, but we also hear good things about teroids that are injected or injected into Arthriti


There is often confusion about steroids. We hear about steroids considered bad by athletes, but we also hear good things about steroids injected for arthritis or inhaled for asthmatics. What is the difference between the steroids that athletes take to improve their performance and the steroids prescribed by a doctor?

What are steroids?

In essence, all steroids are chemicals that have some basic components of their molecular structure in common. But steroids are a broad class of molecules, and different steroids have very different properties.

Most people think of steroids in the context of athletic performance or as a prescribed drug, but there are many steroids that go beyond these parameters.

The most common steroids are anabolic steroids, sex hormones, corticosteroids, and cholesterol. You don't have to be a scientist to understand that these compounds have very different properties and these are just the steroids that are found in mammals. Insects, plants, and fungi also have distinctive steroid molecules.

What are anabolic steroids?

Anabolic steroids, synthetic substances that are derivatives of testosterone, are the substance that most people refer to when they use the word "steroids". This type of steroid stimulates the body to convert proteins into muscle tissue. Hence, it is known for the excellent muscle building effects when taken during exercise.

Anabolic steroids can be taken orally or injected into the body. The length of time it works depends on the type of steroid being given. Athletes often take anabolic steroids to build muscle and to stimulate muscle repair and recovery after exercise.

Anabolic steroids are sometimes given for non-athletic purposes. Some conditions require the use of anabolic steroids, including growth problems in children and adolescents, some types of tumors, muscle wasting diseases (such as HIV / AIDS), and most recently the increased use of testosterone for aging.

What are corticosteroids (cortisone)?

Corticosteroids are drugs that affect inflammation in the body - a process known as the "cascade of events". This cascade means that a number of events take place for inflammation to develop. Corticosteroids affect a particular step in this cascade of events, stopping the process and therefore reducing inflammation.

Corticosteroids can also be taken orally, injected into a specific area, injected into the bloodstream, or inhaled. In order to limit side effects, local injections are most often preferred. However, if the inflammation is more severe or widespread, systemic steroids may be needed.

Corticosteroids can be used for many conditions that cause inflammation. Injected corticosteroids, often called cortisone injections, are commonly used for arthritis, tendinitis, and bursitis. Systemic steroids can be used for conditions like asthma, multiple sclerosis, lupus and many other problems.

Everything you should know about cortisone shots if you have arthritis

Side effects

One of the most important aspects of steroids - both anabolic steroids and corticosteroids - is the possibility of side effects. Both types of medication have side effects, although they are very different.

Anabolic steroids can cause mood swings, aggressive actions, and risky or impulsive behavior.

Many people who use anabolic steroids have severe acne, premature baldness, and, in men, shrinking testicles. There are also potentially fatal complications related to liver damage and heart enlargement.

Corticosteroids can also cause many side effects, although they are different from those of anabolic steroids. Common side effects of cortisone shots include facial flushing, increased blood sugar, weight gain, mood swings, muscle weakness, blurred vision, and bruising.

It is possible, but not likely, to become dependent on anabolic steroids or corticosteroids.

Cortisone Shots For Inflammation: Benefits, Side Effects, And More


As with any drug, there are risks and benefits, and the risks must be weighed against the potential benefits.

In life-threatening situations like a severe allergic reaction or an asthma attack, there is no question what to do. In most cases, you should speak to your doctor and discuss the possible positive and negative effects of taking a drug.

That said, anabolic steroids have no place outside of medicine. Taking these powerful drugs to improve performance is not only an unnecessary risk, but it also affects the competitive nature of the sport. Athletes who cheat are changing the competitive balance of sport and taking dangerous health risks.

A word from Verywell

The use of the word "steroids" creates confusion as it can refer to many different substances. The use of steroid injections in setting up athletic performance enhancement versus treating inflammatory conditions is very different.

The drugs used, the side effects of these substances and the effects on the body vary widely. Steroid injection for an arthritic knee has nothing to do with people who inject steroids to build muscle. It is important to understand this distinction.

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