Successful businessman who became president after fdr

Abraham Lincoln versus George Washington

George Washington

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, the second child of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Lincoln (née Hanks) in Hardin County, Kentucky (now LaRue County). He had an older sister, Sarah Grigsby. The family wasn't rich. He was nine when his mother died. His father remarried Sarah Bush Johnston, who liked Lincoln and named her mother.

George Washington was born on February 22, 1732 in Westmoreland County, Virginia, Pope's Creek Estate (now Colonial Beach). He was the firstborn child of Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary Ball Washington. He had two older and five younger siblings. He belonged to a wealthy family. George's father died when George was eleven years old, after which George's half-brother Lawrence Washington was his surrogate father.

Abraham Lincoln

height

Lincoln was 6 feet 4 inches tall while Washington was 6 feet 2 inches tall.

preferences and dislikes

Lincoln avoided hunting and fishing because he didn't like killing animals, while Washington's favorite pastime was fox hunting.

job

Lincoln served as the New Salem postmaster for some time, then became a state attorney, Illinois lawmaker through his own studies, while Washington began his career as a tobacco grower and plantation owner.

Marriage and children

Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd, who on November 4, 1842, belonged to a wealthy slave-owning family in Lexington, Kentucky. He had four sons; Only the firstborn son grew up.

Washington married Martha Custis, who was a wealthy widow on January 6, 1759; She had two children. He and Martha had no children together. He adopted Martha's two children.

military service

George Washington was a die-hard soldier. In 1754, as a lieutenant colonel, he led an expedition to Fort Duquesne to drive out the French Canadians. In 1755 he was adjutant to the British General Edward Braddock on the Monongahela expedition. In 1758 he took part in the Forbes expedition as a brigadier general. In 1775 he was appointed major general and elected commander in chief by Congress. From 1775 to 1781 he fought on several fronts. He dealt the last blow to the British in 1781. On December 23, 1783, he resigned from his position as Commander-in-Chief.

Abraham Lincoln's military exposure was limited to serving as a captain in the Black Hawk War in a non-combative role.

Before the presidency

George Washington was a successful businessman who bought large amounts of land and owned slaves. Highlights from his life before his presidency:

  • 1758 - He was elected to the Virginia provincial legislature, the House of Burgesses
  • Until 1769 he stayed away from politics.
  • May 1769 - Washington introduces a proposal from his friend George Mason urging Virginia to boycott English goods until the Townshend Acts are repealed.
  • 1774 - He viewed the passage of the intolerable laws as "a violation of our rights and privileges".
  • Between 1775 and 1783 he took an active part in the American Revolution. George Washington's most important contribution was that he led the American Continental Army to victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War and played an important role in the independence of America and the subsequent formation of the United States. He is seen by the Americans as the "father of our country".
  • After the war ended in 1783, Washington resigned and returned to its Mount Vernon plantation instead of holding onto power.
  • Washington presided over the Philadelphia Convention, which drafted the United States Constitution in 1787 because of its general dissatisfaction with the articles of the Confederation.

Abraham Lincoln loved reading and studying alone and became a lawyer. Highlights from his life prior to his tenure as president include:

  • March 1832 - He first announced his candidacy for the Illinois General Assembly.
  • 1834 - He won an election to the state parliament and carried out a bipartisan campaign.
  • Then he decided to become a lawyer.
  • 1837 - He and another lawmaker declared that slavery "is based on both injustice and bad politics". This was the first time he had spoken out publicly against slavery.
  • 1841 - Works with Stephen Logan as a lawyer.
  • 1844 - He started his practice with William Herndon.
  • 1846 - He was elected to the US House of Representatives, where he served a two-year term.
  • From 1848 to 1854 he concentrated on practicing law in Springfield
  • In 1854 he returned to politics
  • He served four consecutive terms in the Illinois House of Representatives as the representative of Sangamon County, which is affiliated with the Whig Party.
  • In 1858 Lincoln ran against Stephen A. Douglas as Senator. He lost the election by being unsuccessful for the second time as a candidate for election to the United States Senate.
  • In May 1859, Lincoln bought the Illinois Staats-Anzeiger, a German-language newspaper in Springfield.

As president

As President, Lincoln successfully led the United States through its greatest internal crisis, the American Civil War, preserving the Union and ending slavery. In 1863 he issued the Declaration of Emancipation and advocated the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which led to the abolition of slavery. In 1861, Lincoln successfully defused the Trent affair, a war of war with Great Britain.

After taking the side of the federalists, Washington headed the Philadelphia Convention, which drafted the United States Constitution in 1787. His support convinced many, including the Virginia legislature, to vote in favor of ratification. The new constitution was ratified by all 13 states. His unilateral declaration of neutrality of 1793 formed a basis for avoiding any involvement in foreign conflicts. Washington passed the Fugitive Slave Clause Act in 1793, which made assisting an escaped slave a federal crime. Hamilton and Washington drafted the Jay Treaty to normalize trade relations with Great Britain.

death

On April 14, 1865, at the age of 56, Abraham Lincoln was murdered in Ford's Theater in Washington by John Wilkes Booth. George Washington died on December 14, 1799, aged 67, while being treated for pneumonia.

Monuments and Legacies

Lincoln's name and picture appear in numerous places. These include the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC. The dollar bill and the penny show his face. The state nickname for Illinois is "Land of Lincoln".

George Washington is called "Father of the Nation". His face appears on the one-dollar bill and quarter coin, as well as on US postage stamps. The Confederate Seal shows him on horseback. The nation's capital, Washington, DC, is named after him, as is Washington State.