When will you submit imam abdul malik

31- The farewell


In the tenth year after the emigration, when the fast of Ramadan came to an end, the Prophet confided something to his daughter Fatima that she should not tell anyone: “Every year in Ramadan, Gabriel recites the Koran to me once, and every year I recite it once. But this year he recited it to me twice. That makes me believe that my time has come. ”[410] He went on to say to Fatima:“ Alongside the Virgin Mary, the daughter of Imran, you are one of the most highly respected women in Paradise. ”[411]

Fatima was the last of his daughters to be alive.
Zaynab had died two years earlier. She had never fully recovered from the injuries and miscarriage she suffered while being held up while leaving Mecca, and so she ultimately died as a result of Habbar's attack. After her death, Muhammad remained only Fatima, since Umm Kulthum and Ruqayya had died before Zaynab. Muhammad was very sad to have lost Zaynab too.

A month later the Prophet announced that he would lead the great pilgrimage himself. More than thirty thousand [412] men and women with their families were happy to accompany him. This year all pilgrims were finally worshipers of the One God; There were no longer any idolaters among them.

On the way Aisha got her menstrual period and was therefore very sad because she thought she should not go on the pilgrimage in this condition. When the Prophet learned the reason for her weeping, he told her that she was allowed to perform all pilgrimage rites except walking around the Kaaba.

After the Prophet had circled the Kaaba seven times and completed the run between the Safa and Marwa hills, he went to Mina, where he spent a day. The next morning he rode to the Arafat plain. When the sun had passed its zenith at noon, he rode down the valley where the people had gathered, praised Allah and proclaimed the inviolability of life and property of every human being.

“You humans, listen carefully to me, because I may not come back to this place with you again! O people, your blood and possessions are inviolable to you until you meet your Lord ...

Do not forget that one day you will face your Lord Who will ask you about your deeds. Then you must be responsible for everything that you have done in your life. If one of you has an entrusted good, let him give it back to the one who entrusted it to him. O Allah, I have announced it! O Allah be my witness! [413]

All interest is canceled, but your property is yours. You should not be treated unfairly, nor should you treat anyone unfairly yourself. Allah has decided that there should be no interest and the interest of Abbas bin Abdul-Muttalib is all canceled. Do not cheat on one another and never act unfairly. [414]

Never take something from another person that he or she does not like to give you. Treat your wives kindly and take good care of all those who are entrusted to you. I leave you a clear guideline, the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet, which I have taught you. If you act accordingly, you will not go astray. Listen to my words and understand! Allah is my witness that I brought you the message of Islam. "[415]



Then he recited the last revealed verse that completed the Koran: "Today I have completed your faith for you and have fulfilled My grace for you and it is My will that Islam be your faith." [416]

This pilgrimage became Muhammad's farewell pilgrimage, affirming Islamic values ​​and teaching believers the correct way of pilgrimage, just as Abraham once taught. He showed them how to practice the spiritual part of the faith that made pilgrims peaceful people who did not even pull up a plant during the pilgrimage. After symbolically stoning Satan and sacrificing animals, he had the hair of his head shaved.

Today Chalid was very different from usual; he approached the prophet and asked: “O Messenger of Allah, your forelock! Don't give it to anyone but me! I prefer you to my father and mother! ”[417] When he received it, he put it to his eyes and lips.

Two months after the farewell pilgrimage, the Prophet fell ill. For the first eleven days he still felt strong enough to go to the mosque for every prayer and to lead it as an imam. He called the people to him again and recommended the five daily prayers and the Koran to them. He asked them to report if he owed them anything.
Once during these days he said from the pulpit: “Among the servants of Allah there is one whom Allah made choose between this world and the world that is with Him, and this servant has chosen the world that is with Allah. "

He probably didn't want to worry people. But Abu Bakr understood the message and tears filled his eyes. When the Prophet saw him crying, he asked him to stop and said, “The doors leading to the mosque should all be closed except the door of Abu Bakr. Because I don't know anyone with whom I had a better friendship than with him. [418] Had I had to choose a friend from among all people in the world, with whom one never parted, I would have chosen Abu Bakr. But we are companions and fellow believers until Allah unites us again in Himself. "[419]

In his last days the Prophet was very weak and had to lie a lot. His wives gave him permission to spend this time with Aisha, where the others visited him. His daughter Fatima also came to see him often; she kissed him once, and Aischa saw him whisper something in his daughter's ear and she began to cry. Then he whispered something to her again and she smiled through her tears. When Aisha later asked her about it, she replied: “The Prophet had told me that he was going to die of this disease, so I wept. But then he told me that I would be the first of the people in his house to follow him into the hereafter, so I smiled. "420

When she visited her father again, she cried and said: "O my father, what a pain!"
He smiled and said to her: "Your father will not be hurt after this day."
He let his grandchildren Hassan and Hussain come to and said goodbye to them. He also gathered his wives once more to say goodbye.

On Saturday his fever dropped and, despite his weakness, he wanted to go to the mosque, where he met the believers in midday prayers. They were very relieved when they saw that he was feeling better.

The Prophet's face beamed with joy when he saw her peaceful and spiritual demeanor. Supported by his cousin Al Fadl and Thauban, a released slave, he continued on his way.

Abu Bakr, who was leading the prayer, heard him coming and took a step back without turning his head, but the Prophet put his hand on his shoulder and pushed him back in front of the crowd so that he could continue with the prayer while he was speaking himself sat down on his right and prayed seated. [421]

The men and women in the mosque were delighted when they saw that the prophet was getting better.
He was then helped to return to Aisha's apartment, where he instructed her to donate the only six or seven dirhams in his possession to the poor.

The next day, when he heard the call for morning prayer, he asked for the last time to be helped to the door of his apartment, which was only separated from the mosque by a curtain. He watched the believers performing morning prayers and smiled happily. The believers rejoiced as he indicated that they should continue. Anas later said: "I had never seen the face of the prophet as beautiful as at that moment."

Then he let the curtain fall again. [422] He was very weak, and his head was on Aisha's chest, when her brother Abdurrahman came into the room with a tooth in his hand. Aisha noticed how the Prophet was looking at the tooth wood, and she knew that he would like it. She took it from her brother and started chewing it until it was soft. Then she gave it to the Prophet, who used it to brush his teeth more vigorously than ever before.

Aisha had often heard the Messenger of Allah say, "Allah will not take a Prophet into His home until He has given him a choice between life and death," and she was aware of his choice.

She said: "With Him who sent you with the truth, you were given a choice and you have chosen!"
Then she heard him say: "With whom You have been gracious, with the prophets, the truthful, the martyrs and the righteous, in the highest union in Paradise." [423]

He repeated this last sentence a total of three times, while his gaze wandered to the ceiling and his hand fell. [424]
The women present began to cry. On Monday, June 8th, 632 AD, in the twenty-third year of his mission, in the eleventh year after the emigration, the beginning of the Islamic calendar, the Prophet Muhammad died.

The tremendous news got outside. The people couldn't believe it and were desperate.

Even Umar, who was otherwise so strong, seemed dazed by the gravity of the customer. He told the people in the mosque that Muhammad only went to his master in the way that Moses went to the mountain, and that he would come again and bring the hypocrites who spread the news to account.

While he was still saying this, Abu Bakr appeared. He immediately entered his daughter Aischa's room and saw the truth with his own eyes. Weeping, he looked at the Prophet's face and kissed his forehead. He said: "I prefer you to my father and mother, you have experienced the death that Allah has written for you, but after that you will never experience a death again." He respectfully placed the upper garment on the face of the Prophet and went to the mosque where Umar was still speaking.

"Calm down, Umar, and listen!" Shouted Abu Bakr. But Umar did not want to be silent.
It was only when Abu Bakr began to speak and praised Allah's uniqueness that people turned to him and listened to him. Abu Bakr said: “O people, who worshiped Muhammad: Muhammad has now died; and whoever has served Allah, Allah is alive and does not die! "

Then he quoted a passage from the Koran: “And Muhammad is only a messenger who has already been preceded by messengers. Now if he dies or is killed, will you turn back on his heels? And whoever turns on his heels will not harm Allah in any way. But Allah will reward those who are grateful. "[425]

It was like hearing this verse for the first time to people. Umar later reported: “By Allah! When Abu Bakr quoted this verse, I knew it was true. My legs became weak and I went down. "
The grief among the women, children and men was indescribable.

Meanwhile, the Prophet's body lay on his bed. His close relatives had gathered around him and discussed where to bury him. But they couldn't decide. The other residents of Medina also disagreed.

After a few suggestions, Abu Bakr joined them. He said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah say: 'No prophet dies without his being buried in the place where he died!" "[426]

It was then decided that a grave would be dug at the site of the bed where he died. The Prophet's closest relatives took over his ablution, including in the first place Ali, Abbas and his sons Al Fadl and Qutham. Usama and Schukran, the Prophet's freedman, poured the water on him and Ali washed him, leaving his knee-length shirt. In the meantime they noticed a very special scent on him, so that Ali exclaimed: “You are like father and mother to me! How fragrant you are, both alive and dead! "

When they finished washing, they wrapped him in three shrouds.
Then the door was opened for the other Muslims to enter from the mosque and take one last look at him and ask for a blessing for him.

In groups they entered the small room, and Abu Bakr and Umar also prayed with them.
When the men finished praying, the women were admitted, and after them the children. The hearts of all of them trembled, and the sadness of the passing of the Messenger of Allah, the seal of the prophets, seemed to tear them apart.
The funeral took place on Wednesday night, two days after he died. [427]

Anas Bin Malik said of the day of the Prophet Muhammad's death: "I have never seen a brighter and more beautiful day than that of his arrival in Medina and no darker and sadder day than that on which he died." [428]

Fatima followed her father, as he had told her, a few months later; she was the only one of his children who survived him.

Prophet Muhammad spent the last twenty-three years of his life tirelessly working on the task that Allah had entrusted him with. During this time he did not come to rest and was tested by all the suffering that a person can bear. He was tested by the loss of those he loved - his mother, his wife Khadijah, and most of his children. He had to endure hardship, ridicule, hostility and threats. He was seriously injured and in mortal danger more than once. He endured all of this with tolerance and confidence, in the hope and awareness of bringing mankind the guidance of its Creator. He also succeeded in doing this with the support of Allah. When the tide turned and victory and power were on his side, he forgave those who had caused him so much suffering. He built on reconciliation and peace with his former enemies.

Allah called him when his task was done. So he did not see Islam spread all over the world. Today there is no region on earth where no Muslims live.

When the Muslim makes the pilgrimage to Mecca today, he meets millions of people who, despite the diversity of their skin colors and languages, are all sisters and brothers, united by their love for their Creator. There you can see the many faces from all over the world peacefully performing their worship as heirs of Abraham and you remember that it all began with one man: Muhammad.


Footnotes:

[410] Saheeh Bukhari.

[411] Musnad Ahmad Bin Hanbal V / S. 391, Schuayb Al-Arnaut: Tradition authentic. Aisha said: "I have not seen anyone better than Fatima, except her father." Al-Isaba, Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani 4/378; Majma ’Al-Zawa’id of Al-Haithami; Durr Assahaba, Ash-Shawkani 216.

[412] Some reports speak of 100,000 people who took part in this pilgrimage, an event which from now on would repeat itself annually and steadily increase without the prophet. Today it is attended by up to five million Muslims, men and women, each year, and is considered by many to be the largest annual international peace gathering.

[413] Buchari 1739; Albani in Fiqh Assira and in many different ahadit in Saheeh Muslim; At-Tirmidhi 3087.

[414] The farewell sermon went on as follows: “Every usury / interest is invalid, but you are entitled to your capital without doing wrong or being wronged to you. Allah decided that there should be no usury, and all usury on the part of Abbas Bin Abdul-Muttalib is invalid. All blood vengeance from the pre-Islamic period of ignorance is void, and the first blood vengeance that I declare void is the blood vengeance for Ibn Rabi'a Bin Al Harith bin Abdul-Muttalib. ”In the course of his righteousness, Muhammad made the blood vengeance and the first Usury of his own relatives invalid and proclaimed the inviolability of human dignity according to the Koranic motto "And we have honored the children of Adam ...". (Koran 17:70) Before Islam all tribes were enemies; he united their hearts, eradicated the tradition of vengeance, and laid the foundations for human civilization. "... And no burdened soul bears the burden of another soul ..." (No man bears the guilt of another man.) (Koran 17:15).

[415] Ibn Hisham, p. 641; Sahih Muslim I / III, p. 97

[416] Quran 5: 3. The entire text of the Quran revealed by Allah was now complete. His verses were picked up and written down by the Muslims while the Prophet Muhammad was still alive. It is a very precise recording: not a letter or a sound, whether spoken long or short, has ever been changed, let alone a syllable or a word.

[417] Al-Waqidi, III / S. 1108-1109.

[418] Ibn Hisham, p.664-665; At-Tirmidhi in Al-Manaqib No. 3735; Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 400; Sahih Bukhari I / S. 516.

[419] Ibn Hisham, p. 665; Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 400.

[420] Saheeh Bukhari.

[421] Sahih Buchari with Fath Al-Bari II / S. 195, 238-239; Hadith, pp. 683, 712-713; Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 402.

[422] Sahih Buchari with Fath Al-Bari II / S. 193; Hadith, pp. 680-681, 754, 1205, 4448; Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 402; Ibn Hisham, pp. 666-667.

[423] Sahih Buchari II / S. 638-641; Sahih Muslim 2191, Tabari III / S. 199; Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 403.

[424] Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 403.

[425] Quran 3: 144

[426] Ibn Hisham, p. 672; Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 405.

[427] Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 405.

[428] Ad-Darimi handed down, Mischkatul Masabih II / S. 547; Jami‘At-Tirmidhi V / S. 588; Ar-Rahiq Al-Machtum, p. 404.