How to care for Alocasia Frydek plants
Alocasia zebrina: care, location & varieties
In the Alocasia zebrina it is an extraordinary decorative leaf plant with a striped look. We give you tips on varieties, care and propagation of the Alocasia zebrina.
The Alocasia zebrina is a real eye-catcher with its striped stem. In this article you can read how you can cultivate the plant, which is native to Southeast Asia, which site conditions it needs and how to care for it properly.
Alocasia zebrina: origin, characteristics and flowering
The is one of the most decorative green plants for house and apartment Alocasia zebrina. We also know it under common names such as Alocasia or Arrow Leaf. From a botanical point of view, the Alocasia zebrina to the genus of the arrow leaf family (Alocasia) and thus to the Araceae family. It grows with basal branched leaves without a stem.
Originally the Alocasia zebrina from the tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia, especially those of the Philippines. The evergreen, herbaceous plant can be up to 1.5 meters high and forms single-stalked leaves. The leaves are clearly heart-shaped and grow at the end of a conspicuous, mostly green and white striped petiole. They can be between 10 and 35 cm long, which makes for lush leaf decoration. The Alocasia zebrina Only under the best of conditions develops arum family-typical flowers, which consist of an inflorescence stalk, a bract and a piston. It forms both female and male flowers on a plant, with each individual flower being unisexual. The Alocasia zebrina is not self-fertile. But if the flowers are fertilized by a second alocasia, a berry can be formed as a fruit organ, through which the Alocasia zebrina can multiply.
The most beautiful varieties of Alocasia zebrina
The selection of varieties of the Alocasia zebrina is large and ranges from simple to eye-catching patterns. Here are some of the most popular Alocasia zebrina Sorts:
- Alocasia zebrina ‘Tiger arrow sheet’: Strikingly patterned stem with white and dark green stripes reminiscent of tiger skin; multicolored, wavy leaves; grows up to 1 meter high; loose, airy growth.
- Alocasia zebrina "Variegata": Red patterned petiole; irregular, green-white variegated leaves; grows up to 1.5 meters high.
- Alocasia zebrina "Reticulata": Discreet petiole; particularly pronounced heart shape of the leaves, striking leaf pattern in light and dark green; grows up to 90 centimeters high.
You should pay attention to this when planting: location, soil and Co.
For the Alocasia zebrina a partially shaded to sunny location is just right. For the most part, direct sunlight should be avoided, since exposure to the sun for too long can lead to sunburn. Above all, the intense midday sun should be avoided. For the plant to grow well, five hours of sun per day are optimal. Tropical high humidity helps the leaves develop vigorously, but is not absolutely necessary. Who the Alocasia zebrina If you want to do something good, you can regularly spray it with some lime-free water, such as rain or mineral water. The ambient temperature must not fall below 5 ° C, otherwise the plant will be damaged. During the vegetation, room temperatures of 20 to 25 ° C are ideal. In winter quarters, on the other hand, it should not get colder than 18 ° C in the long term. Good locations for the winter rest are bright stairwells or less heated living rooms.
The substrate for the Alocasia zebrina Above all, it should be permeable to avoid waterlogging. A nutrient-rich soil, such as our Plantura organic universal soil, provides the plant with all the important nutrients and thus offers good growth conditions. The Alocasia zebrina grows best in slightly acidic soil. Therefore, it benefits from a layer of pine bark on the potting soil or from a bit acidic rock flour made of basalt or granite, which is mixed into the earth.
Since the root growth of the Alocasia zebrina is less pronounced, a narrower pot about 21 cm in diameter is sufficient at the beginning. Due to their rapid growth and high nutrient requirements, it is important to repot them regularly and, depending on the size of the plant, also to enlarge the pot. Regular watering and fertilization with liquid green plant fertilizer are important during growth. This creates all the conditions for healthy and vigorous leaf growth. Since the alocasia is dependent on a permanent water supply, an irrigation aid such as a Blumat dropper or a clay cone with a water reservoir can be used.
Alocasia zebrina: caring for the houseplant
Taking care of the Alocasia zebrina is less time consuming. However, the plant's large leaves are quick to trap dust, so they should be wiped off with a damp cloth from time to time. The Alocasia zebrina it can also easily take a shower from time to time as long as the water is lukewarm. This cleans the leaves like a natural rain shower. The Alocasia zebrina occasionally drips, it secretes water over the leaf margins in the morning, which is called guttation. That is not a problem, you should only pay attention to a moisture-tolerant surface.
Water the Alocasia zebrina
Because of the large leaf surface, evaporation is the Alocasia zebrina very large. It therefore needs a lot of water. It is important to keep the substrate permanently moist, but it must not get too wet either. The root ball can dry out in the meantime, but should not dry out completely. The finger test helps to determine the right time to pour. The Alocasia zebrina prefers water with little lime, because only slightly acidic soil allows it to absorb nutrients well. Catched rainwater or mineral water is best suited for pouring. During the hibernation, the Alocasia zebrina less to be poured.
Fertilize Alocasia zebrina
In order to provide the plant with the best possible nutrients during vegetation, it should be fertilized weekly. A green plant fertilizer that is administered with the irrigation water is suitable for this. This allows the important nutrients to be quickly distributed in the soil solution and reach all parts of the plant. Our Plantura organic indoor and green plant fertilizer, for example, also contains microorganisms that promote active soil life and thus enable the plant to grow healthy and strong leaves.
Cut the houseplant
The leaves of the Alocasia zebrina usually die during hibernation before they sprout again the next year. They can then be cut off. Likewise, diseased leaves should always be removed to prevent the spread of diseases. A shape cut or the like is not necessary for the ornamental leaf plant. In addition, the plant is constantly forming new leaves and shedding older ones. Don't worry: the brown, old leaves can simply be cut off. But you should leave a stub of about four centimeters.
Repot Alocasia zebrina
Every 2 to 3 years the Alocasia zebrina must be repotted as the bucket is too small. The best time for this is before the start of vegetation in February. To the Alocasia zebrina To repot, you take them out of the old pot and remove the excess, old soil. A layer of expanded clay can then be placed in a larger bucket as drainage before the plant is used. Then you cover the plant with a high-quality potting soil, such as our Plantura organic universal soil, and press it lightly. Finally, the Alocasia zebrina be lightly poured on to encourage rooting before moving back into place for the summer months.
Yellow leaves on Alocasia zebrina
In the Alocasia zebrina the outer, older leaves turn yellow before they die. At the same time, new leaves are formed. However, if the inner leaves of the plant also turn yellow, there is a problem. The most common problems are:
- Too much water: The soil is too wet, this can lead to root rot and fungal attack; water less at times until the soil is drier; Improve drainage.
- Not enough water: The soil is too dry and the plant does not get enough water for healthy growth; more frequent watering helps.
- Nutritional deficiency: If the leaves and leaf veins are yellow, the plant is undersupplied; fertilization with a suitable green plant fertilizer is necessary.
- Substrate too old: If the plant has been in the same soil for a long time, the pH value may have become too high due to lime in the irrigation water or essential trace elements have been used up; Repotting in fresh, nutrient-rich substrate will help.
- Too much direct light: Direct sunlight, bundled through a window, can cause heat damage to the leaves, which then turn yellow and black; Move the plant a little further away from the window.
If the leaf stalks of the alocasia become too long and unstable, this is because the plant is too dark and stretches for the light. Here, too, the leaf can become discolored. A lighter location can help.
Propagating Alocasia zebrina: cuttings, seeds or cuttings?
The Alocasia zebrina can be propagated by dividing the mother plant into several cuttings. The best time to do this is in spring when the plant is repotted. In order to gain an offshoot, the mother plants can be potted and freed from old soil. It is important for the new plants to have enough roots to grow. If you have divided the mother plant and put the daughter plants in the new tubs, the tubs can be filled with soil and the Alocasia zebrina be pressed. A green plant soil such as our Plantura organic universal soil is suitable for this, in order to create good growth conditions for the young plants. Finally, the plants should be well watered and brought into a bright, warm room. This promotes their root formation. After just a few weeks, the daughter plants should produce new leaves.
Is the Alocasia zebrina poisonous?
For humans it is Alocasia zebrina not toxic, but its sap is irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. Caution should be exercised with overly curious pets, as consuming the plant can lead to upset stomachs or even symptoms of poisoning. In their homeland, the rhizomes are the Alocasia zebrina cooked and made edible.
In addition to the Alocasia zebrina there are numerous other ornamental foliage plants that can beautify the room. Also read our article on 10 house plants with unusual leaves.
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As a child from the country, nature and self-sufficiency have always been part of my life for me. My heart beats in and for nature - I was able to deepen this interest even more by studying agricultural systems science at TUM.
Favorite fruits: apples, blackberries and plums
Favorite vegetables: potatoes, peppers and zucchini
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