What do i give

Self-analysis: who am I? What can I? What I want?

Whether in applications, in the current job or when considering a professional reorientation: Time and again, people come to the point where they ask themselves how things can and should continue. An intense one Self-analysis is often excluded until it is unavoidable. For some, it is only external reasons that lead to someone dealing with themselves, such as the approaching school leaving certificate or the end of a further training course. Self-analysis is a valuable tool, the benefits of which are often underestimated. How you can help yourself ...

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Definition: what is self-analysis?

The term self-analysis is often associated with Sigmund Freud. It is his merit to have developed a psychoanalytic method for self-analysis. Among other things, he campaigned for using dream interpretation to track down one's own person and their feelings.

Freud did not invent the term self-analysis. The consideration in itself to listen and understand for yourself, is a very old one. Even ancient philosophers propagated self-knowledge.

The following is less about a specific psychoanalytic method and more about how we can use a systematic analysis of oneself (according to the definition according to Duden) understand better can.

Terms such as self-observation, self-reflection and self-knowledge are to be regarded as synonyms for self-analysis, although they have different focuses.

While self-observation (and possibly also self-reflection) is more likely remain on the surface, a well-done self-analysis gets down to business. Ultimately, this means that you also deal with unpleasant results about yourself and - ideally - derive consequences from them.

Something similar resonates with the concept of self-knowledge: a person shines through and "recognizes" himself. She understands the motivation behind certain actions and recognizes the connections between Feelings and reactions.

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What is the meaning of a self-analysis?

In some cases a specific one leads Age or an event to reflect on your own life, values ​​and goals. For example, the 30th birthday or the midlife crisis is a classic turning point.

A serious, conquered illness can also Trigger for self-analysis be. Your own life as it is currently going is put to the test and questioned. Only those who have clarity about their own drive, values ​​and desires can achieve their goals. You can do this with an honest and open distance to yourself.

This is where the problems start, however: The old biblical quote “Not seeing the beam in your own eye, but the splinter in the other's (eye)” expresses the dilemma quite well. We tend to with other people Noticing mistakes and peculiarities very quickly.

It's such a thing for yourself. It should be noted that there are both extremes. Some tend to overestimate themselves with regard to themselves, are not very self-critical and have much more confidence in themselves than their previous successes suggest.

Others, on the other hand, come to the conclusion in their self-analysis that they could never, let alone ever create, and are thus well on the way to self-sabotage. Both can adversely affectwhen it is the result of an argument with yourself.

Self-image and external image rarely match

You are doing yourself a disservice with both overconfidence and extreme understatement. You can only change something when you really know where there is a need for optimization. An honest and above all conscientious self-analysis is therefore of great importance.

But why is it so difficult? There are several reasons why self-analysis is not easy. First of all, people tend to think of life as linear. The so-called straight-line instinct says that we hide some facts and, assuming information that is acceptable to us, draw certain conclusions and make decisions.

Unfortunately, life is rarely linear - disregarded events happen and overturn the mostly short-sighted planning. Another phenomenon that makes self-analysis difficult is the discrepancy between self-image and the image of others. Regardless of whether (too) positive or negative - the self-image often does not match the external image, i.e. how other people perceive us.

How does the self-analysis succeed now? A mixture of several factors is required for this. First of all, a certain empathy towards yourself. You should try one if possible prejudiced look Throwing yourself free from the expectations of others.

As free from prejudice as possible means that you take your personal circumstances into account. The family, social and national environmentthat you are born into affects your personality as well as certain character traits.

Tips: methods of self-analysis

The self-analysis helps you not only in professional matters, but also in your private life. This is not a one-time deal; it should be understand it as a processthat extends over a longer period of time and can also change after years.

These three key questions will accompany your process again and again:

  • Who am I?
  • What can I?
  • What I want?

In order to clarify this process and to constantly give yourself suggestions for new thoughts, you should use your Write down your self-analysis. Which method is the right one for you varies from person to person.

In most cases, one is recommended Mix of several approaches: For example, you can ask people who are well-disposed towards you - i.e. mostly friends and family, trustworthy colleagues - for their assessment and ask them to put them in bullet points (see below for possible questions).

The main advantage of this is that you have a Gaining an outside perspective. It doesn't necessarily have to be incredibly neutral, but someone else may recognize facets of you that you have previously missed.

Another way is to work with mind maps. Mind mapping can prove to be an advantage, especially when your thoughts get stuck, because it does free association supported. You can do a similar thing with Post-its, as they are primarily visual:

It's best to go for green (or a favorite color) Post-its for everything that you are good at, that is important to you, to yellow post-its if you have rather mediocre answers and red post-its if something is difficult for you.

Self-analysis in work and private life

  • Self-analysis at work

    Document your qualifications. In the first step, you take your CV or your references and certificates: All documents that certify something (and if it is your driver's license) are proof of your proven skills in the field. They are also known as hard skills.

    Shed light on your Strengths or weaknesses also give questions like:

    • Where did I gain experience?
    • What makes me happy, what do I do in my free time?
    • Which tasks are me, which are less?
    • What am I good at, what is it that troubles me?
    • Which successes can I record, which defeats?
    • What am I an expert in, where do I have gaps?
    • What positions have I held so far? What does it take for another?

    Self-analysis helps to answer these questions for yourself and above all clearly in mind to have. It often happens that an applicant would be suitable for a position, for example, but still receive a rejection.

    Often the reason for this is that someone could not really “sell” themselves in the interview. The other way around is the risk of one poor self-analysis in the fact that someone applies for positions that are actually not suitable for him or her.

  • Self-analysis in private

    Keep a journal. As with self-analysis at work, the same applies here that you should put your thoughts and findings in writing. There are no certificates of any kind, which is why a diary is very helpful. People tend to glorify things in retrospect; details are forgotten.

    • What do others like about me, what do they like less?
    • What distinguishes my character?
    • What is important to me in relationships?
    • How do I behave in the company of others?
    • Which events have particularly shaped me?
    • What can I do to avoid certain situations?
    • What consequences do I derive from certain experiences?

    The answers to these questions will not only help you further in your private life. In your professional life, too, you always have to deal with different personalities, which is why you can get to the bottom of phenomena, for example: Why do I always offend colleague A? Why is it difficult for me to make my voice heard in a meeting?

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