What causes thick slimy saliva

Causes of thick saliva in the mouth

Salivary glands secrete a multicomponent fluid that consists primarily of water. About 5% of saliva consists of enzyme compounds, proteins, acid residues from salts and many trace elements. Maltase and amylase, which are contained in the oral cavity, are organic enzymes involved in the breakdown of polysaccharides immediately after eating. Thanks to lysozyme, the growth of pathogenic bacteria is controlled.

The content

General information

Why does a person sometimes observe in his foamy and too thick saliva? all or nothing High molecular weight glycoprotein mucinwhich is responsible for the formation and coating of the food lump. Violation of this mechanism leads to difficulty swallowing food and promoting it through the esophageal canal. From this we can conclude that the thick saliva is an important feature of the initial stage of the digestive process. The autonomic nervous system is held responsible for what amount of saliva. In this regard, people who are asleep or under the influence of anesthesia experience dry mouth. The effects of different smells and tastes lead to a large increase in saliva production.

The appearance of excessive thickness and white color of saliva causes a variety of causes. Activation of the action of irritants in the oral cavity and Trigger pulses increase the flow of saliva in the sympathetic nervous system. In order to be able to assign the correct treatment, the main cause of the disease must be diagnosed.

Causes of Thick Saliva

Saliva can become thick for the following reasons:

  • Sinusitis. Chronic sinus disease of the paranasal sinuses manifests itself as thick mucus and an unpleasant odor from the mouth. The mucus created by the sinuses travels continuously from the mouth to the throat. The nasal cavity swells and the saliva thickens. Patients do their best to rid the throat of sticky sputum and then spit out a blood clot. The chronic form of the disease is aggravated by headache and less often by fever. If you suspect sinusitis, you should make an appointment with an ear, nose and throat doctor immediately.
  • Xerostomia. Sudden disturbance of the salivary glands, made more difficult by severe dryness. The saliva becomes very viscous. The surface of the tongue is compacted, the work of the receptors is disturbed, there is a burning sensation in the mouth. Sometimes there is a sore throat and pain.
  • Fungal candidiasis. Infectious disease that develops after prolonged use of antibiotics and corticosteroids due to impaired immune functions. She can not only provoke, but also contact routes of infection, hygiene articles. Candidiasis can be a symptom of much more serious diseases: diabetes, tuberculosis, AIDS. When thrush can sense the metal taste in the mouth, difficulty swallowing food, itching and burning of mucous membranes.
  • Angina, pharyngitis, laryngitis. Diseases affect the tonsils. Infection causes the formation of purulent vesicles, and their spontaneous rupture causes discomfort in the mouth. The inflammatory process is accompanied by an increased temperature, which draws water out of the body and inhibits the function of the salivary glands.
  • Periodontal disease and periodontal disease. Due to damaged gum tissue, the amount of saliva produced decreases. Elements of the epithelial tissue penetrate the salivary fluid, making it viscous and white.
  • Infectious diseases of an acute nature: diarrhea, typhoid, hepatitis.
  • Gastrointestinal disorders. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). With this pathology, gastric juice rises into the oral cavity. In this case, additional saliva is required to neutralize stomach acid.
  • Endocrine disorders. Changes in hormone levels occur during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause. These causes can also lead to thick saliva.
  • Autoimmune diseases. Serious illness, almost untreatable. The pathology is manifested in the defeat of the external secretory glands, including the salivary glands.
  • Dehydration water - the main component of saliva. The lack of fluid in the human diet leads to an increase in the viscosity of saliva. A person needs 1.5–2 liters of water a day to avoid dehydration. This is the minimum dose that will ensure the proper functioning of all body systems.
  • Dry air. Saliva often becomes frothy and viscous because dry air has a negative effect on the respiratory system. In a poorly ventilated room, where the humidity does not meet the standards, the oral mucosa dries out immediately. Thickening mucus forms a crust around the circumference of the inside of the throat, which manifests itself as a sore and dry cough. In this way, the air masses that move along the airways receive the necessary moisture due to the moisture of the mucous membranes. The mouth and throat are not responsible for humidifying the air. For this purpose, the nasal cavity is provided, in which a special muconasal secret is created. When a person cannot breathe normally with their nose, they use their mouth to do this, so the saliva immediately begins to thicken.
  • Smoking Tobacco smoke causes irritation of the lining of the upper respiratory tract and an increase in the volume of mucus. Many smokers complain of the feeling of the presence of a foreign object in the throat.
  • Effects of allergens. Thick saliva observed in certain months speaks of a seasonal allergy to pollen.
  • Medication There are categories of drugs that cause side effects such as saliva thickening. These can be hormonal pills, antidepressants, and antihistamines.
  • Diabetes mellitus. Often, dryness of the oral mucosa and thick saliva is observed against the background of hyperglycemic conditions.

In addition to a strong reduction in the volume of secretion and the resulting increased viscosity, the patients can observe additional symptoms:

  • Disruption of taste perception
  • Sore throat
  • Smelly odor from the mouth
  • Cracks in the lips and corners of the mouth, dryness of the mucous membranes
  • Burning sensation in heaven and tongue.
  • Hardening of the muscle fibers of the tongue

Features of treatment

It is possible that saliva will thicken due to it temporary hormonal disorders. In such cases, medical attention is not required and the natural secretion of saliva improves over time. In order to understand the causes of the violation of the flow of saliva, it is necessary to seek personal advice from a dentist. He will interview the patient, give instructions for tests, and then choose the appropriate course of treatment. As a rule, accurate diagnosis of the underlying cause will allow you to associate the correct method of treatment, which will lead to the gradual normalization of salivary glands.

First of all, the moisture content in the oral mucous membranes must be stabilized. That can help The following treatments:

  • Gargle with anti-inflammatory herbal cast and soda salt. To get rid of the symptoms of laryngitis, it is advisable to use antiseptics, such as: B. hexagon.
  • The use of artificial saliva. Used in the form of drops or spray.
  • Moisturizers and gel substitutes. Well-known manufacturers produce drugs in the form of gel and spray that will instantly help get rid of dry mouth. In addition, they contain antibacterial ingredients that eliminate unpleasant odors.
  • Mucolytics A group of drugs used to increase the production and liquefaction of saliva. Bromelans and Acetylystones have proven themselves well.
  • Inhale Help those who have problems with their lungs and bronchi. Suitable for inhalation as medicinal products and herbal infusions such as St. John's wort or sage.
  • Chewing gum with sugar substitute. Excellent stimulation of the salivary glands.

Folk remedies for reducing salivary viscosity

  • Decoction of pine needles and bark. Pour 4 tablespoons of ingredients with one liter of boiling water. Hold on low heat for 10 minutes and then let steep for an hour. Worn drink taken on an empty stomach three times a day, 2 tablespoons.
  • Mix aloe with honey. Do not take one tablespoon with you more than twice a day.
  • Propolis with peach oil. In the morning and in the evening, lubricate the oral cavity with the mixture.

Preventive measures

Daily preventive measures reduce the risk of saliva forming in the air. Worth Observe the following guidelines:

  • Drink plenty of fluids. Prefer clean drinking water that has not undergone any heat treatment. Non-carbonated mineral water is welcome. Putting papay juice in a glass can make saliva liquefied because this fruit contains proteolytic enzymes.
  • Eliminate bad habits. Alcohol and tobacco affect the state of saliva.
  • Limit your intake of caffeinated and carbonated drinks that dehydrate the body.
  • Don't get involved in dairy products. Excessive consumption of milk and cheese creates the ground for the formation of excess mucus. It is useful to drink yogurt, as it normalizes the microflora of the mouth.
  • Regular rinsing of the mouth with warm saline will remove the mucus and make the saliva less viscous. Do not rinse your mouth with solutions containing alcohol.
  • Do not allow hypothermia
  • Dentists recommend using sugar-free chewing gum
  • Several times a week it is useful to breathe over a pan with hot water or boiled potatoes.
  • Include fresh vegetables and fruits as well as muesli in your grocery store. Proper nutrition is the key to high quality salivary fluids.
  • In order to humidify the air in the bedroom, it is advisable to buy a humidifier.
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