What are the eight wonders of the world
What are the seven wonders of the world?
A first list of the seven wonders of the world probably goes back to the historian Herodotus and is believed to have been around 450 BC. Was created. It is certainly the oldest top list. But what are they today seven wonders of the ancient world and can you still marvel at them? And if so, where?
List of the seven wonders of the ancient world
- Hanging Gardens of Semiramis at Babylon
- Colossus of Rhodes
- Tomb of King Mausolus II at Halicarnassus
- Lighthouse on the island of Pharos off Alexandria
- Giza pyramids in Egypt
- Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
- Zeus statue of Phidias from Olympia
The hanging gardens of Semiramis at Babylon
The hanging gardens of the Semiramis were probably on or next to the Palace of Babylon, a city in what is now Iraq on the Euphrates. It is considered to be one of the most important cities of antiquity. The system is said to have been around 120 x 120 meters and consisted of various terraces that are said to have reached a height of up to 30 meters. Various layers of pipe, asphalt, bricks and lead prevented the floors from soaking through. The irrigation must have come from the Euphrates. To this day it is controversial whether the hanging gardens of the Semiramis in Babylon actually existed - it would have been beautiful in any case.
The Colossus of Rhodes
The Greek island of Rhodes is now a popular holiday island, but it also has a long history. The Colossus of Rhodes was a bronze statue of the sun god Helios and is believed to be over 30 meters high. It is said to have been around 300 BC. BC and 226 BC. Be destroyed in an earthquake. Later drawings show the statue with its legs spread across the port entrance of Rhodes - but it is still unclear whether this was actually possible.
The tomb of King Mausolus II at Halicarnassus
The third wonder of the world is the tomb of King Mausolos II at Helicarnassus, who lived from 377 - 353 BC. Was king of Caria and satrap. The city of Halicarnassus was Greek in ancient times, is now called Bodrum and is located on the southwest coast of Turkey. Because of its overwhelming overall impression and the precious statues and reliefs, the 32 x 38.5 meter and about 46 meter high mausoleum is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Incidentally, the term mausoleum goes back to this magnificent building. Badly damaged by an earthquake in the 12th century, it was stripped down to its foundations 3 centuries later.
The fourth of the seven wonders of the world is the Alexandria lighthouse. In the 3rd century BC Built for over 20,000 kilograms of silver, the 115 to 160 meter high lighthouse warned ships off the Egyptian Mediterranean coast. Until well into the 20th century, the Alexandria lighthouse was the tallest lighthouse ever built. A seaquake in the 4th century AD is said to have severely damaged the tower, followed by various rescue attempts, dismantling and reconstruction measures. Another seaquake in the 14th century AD is said to have completely destroyed the tower.
The Giza pyramids
This wonder of the world is in fact the only one that can still be admired: the pyramids of Giza. Until around 2,500 BC Created in BC, they are now about 15 kilometers from the city center of Cairo. The Great Wonders of the World include the Great Pyramids of Cheops, Chephren and Mykerinos, as well as the grave of Chentkaus I, the so-called 4th pyramid. Nothing more needs to be written about the pyramids of Giza, since we know everything from film and television, from history lessons and books, or have even seen them in person.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The ancient Greek city of Ephesus was famous for its wealth. Today the remains of Ephesus can be found near Selcuk in southwest Turkey. The temple of Artemis is said to have been built by the Amazon queen Otrere, in honor of the goddess of the hunt, the forest and guardian of women and children. Probably around 550 BC The construction of the approximately 112 meter x 58 meter large temple began, which took a very long time with probably 120 years of construction. 356 BC This temple was destroyed by arson. The construction time of the new building was also very long at around 100 years and the temple was probably not completely completed. In 268 AD the temple was finally destroyed by the Goths.
The Zeus statue of Phidias from Olympia
The seated representation of Zeus was in the temple of Zeus in Olympia, the 456 BC. Was completed. The throne on which Zeus sat was made of ebony, the statue itself of gold and silver. Zeus held a staff in one hand and Nike, the goddess of victory, in the other. Today there is speculation about the fate of the statue, it is believed to have been lost. Presumably it was 12 to 13 meters high, which has been reconstructed from the temple. It is assumed that the statue of Zeus dates back to the 2nd century BC. Was badly damaged due to earthquakes or climatic conditions.
The seven wonders of the ancient world
They were the seven wonders of the ancient world. The oldest wonder of the world, the Pyramids of Giza, is the only one that can still be visited and admired today. All others are destroyed or just crumbled. It is not entirely certain whether they actually all existed - it would be nice in any case. What are the seven wonders of the world? Impressive buildings and witnesses of the highest architecture of antiquity.
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